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A Long-Range Plan to Brand the First Lincoln Namesake City as the Second City of Abraham Lincoln Statues

The Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Celebration in Lincoln, Illinois

1.
Abraham Lincoln and the Historic Postville Courthouse,
including a William Maxwell connection to the Postville Courthouse

2.
About Henry Ford and the Postville Courthouse, the Story of the Postville Courthouse Replica,
Tantivy, & the Postville Park Neighborhood in the
Route 66 Era


3.

The Rise of Abraham Lincoln and His History and Heritage in His First Namesake Town,
also the founding of Lincoln College, the plot to steal Lincoln's body, and memories of Lincoln College and the Rustic Tavern-Inn

4. 
Introduction to the Social & Economic History of Lincoln, Illinois,
including poetry by William Childress & commentary by Federal Judge Bob Goebel & Illinois Appellate Court Judge Jim Knecht

5.
"Social Consciousness in William Maxwell's Writings Based on Lincoln, Illinois" (an article published in the Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, winter 2005-06
)

5.a.
Peeking Behind the Wizard's Screen: William Maxwell's Literary Art as Revealed by a Study of the Black Characters in Billie Dyer and Other Stories

6.
Introduction to the Railroad & Route 66 Heritage of Lincoln, Illinois

7.
The Living Railroad Heritage of Lincoln, Illinois: on Track as a Symbol of the "Usable Past"


8.

Route 66 Overview Map of Lincoln with 42 Sites, Descriptions, & Photos

9.
The Hensons of Business Route 66

10.
The Wilsons of Business
Route 66
,
including the Wilson Grocery & Shell Station

11.
Route 66 Map & Photos Showing Lincoln Memorial Park
(former Chautauqua site),
the Historic Cemeteries, & Nearby Sites

12.
Route 66 Map & Photos Showing Salt Creek & Cemetery Hill,
including
the highway bridges, GM&O bridge, Madigan State Park, the old dam (with photos & Leigh's memoir of "shooting the rapids" over the old dam), & the Ernie Edwards' Pig-Hip Restaurant Museum in Broadwell

13.
The Historic Logan County Courthouse, Past & Present


14.
Route 66 Map with 51 Sites in the Business & Courthouse Square Historic District,
including locations of historical markers
(on the National Register of Historic Places)

15.
Vintage Scenes of the Business & Courthouse Square Historic District

16.
The Foley House:  A Monument to Civic Leadership
(on the National Register of Historic Places)

17.
Agriculture in
the Route 66 Era


18.
Arts & Entertainment Heritage,
including the Lincoln Theatre Roy Rogers' Riders Club of the 1950s

19.
Business Heritage

20.
Cars, Trucks & Gas Stations of the Route 66 Era

21.
Churches,
including the hometown churches of Author William Maxwell & Theologian Reinhold Niebuhr

22.
Factories, Past and Present

23.
Food Stores of
the Route 66 Era


24.
Government

25.
Hospitals, Past and Present

26.
Hotels & Restaurants of the Railroad & Route 66 Eras


27.
Lincoln Developmental Center
(Lincoln State School & Colony in the Route 66 era), plus
debunking the myth of Lincoln, Illinois, choosing the Asylum over the University of Illinois

28
.
Mining Coal, Limestone, & Sand & Gravel; Lincoln Lakes; & Utilities


29.

Museums & Parks, including the Lincoln College Museum and its Abraham Lincoln Collection, plus the Heritage-in-Flight Museum

30.
Neighborhoods
with Distinction

31.
News Media in the Route 66 Era

32.
The Odd Fellows' Children's Home

33.
Schools

34.
Memories of the 1900 Lincoln Community High School,
including Fred Blanford's dramatic account of the lost marble fountain of youth

35.
A Tribute to the Historians and Advocates of Lincoln, Illinois

36.
Watering Holes of the Route 66 Era

37.
The Historic 1953 Centennial Celebration of Lincoln, Illinois

38.
The Festive 2003 Sesqui-centennial Celebration of Lincoln, Illinois,
including photos of LCHS Class of 1960 dignitaries & the Blanfords

39.
Why Did the State Police Raid Lincoln, Illinois, on October 11, 1950?

40.
The Gambling Raids in Lincoln and Logan County, Illinois,
During the Late Route 66 Era (1950-1960)

_______

Pages in this section tell about Leigh Henson's Lincoln years, moving away, revisits, and career:

About Lincoln, Illinois;
This Web Site; & Me

A Tribute to Lincolnite Edward Darold Henson: World War II U.S. Army Veteran of the Battles for Normandy and the Hedgerows; Brittany and Brest; and the Ardennes (Battle of the Bulge)

For Remembrance, Understanding, & Fun: Lincoln Community High School Mid-20th-Century Alums' Internet Community
(a Web site and email exchange devoted to collaborative memoir and the sharing of photos related to Lincoln, Illinois)

Leigh Henson's Pilgrimage to Lincoln, Illinois, on
July 12, 2001

Leigh Henson's Review of Dr. Burkhardt's William Maxwell Biography

Leigh Henson's Review of Ernie Edwards' biography, Pig-Hips on Route 66, by William Kaszynski

Leigh Henson's Review of Jan Schumacher's Glimpses of Lincoln, Illinois

Teach Local Authors: Considering the Literature of Lincoln, Illinois

Web Site About
Leigh Henson's Professional Life

__________

Pages in this section are about the writing, memorabilia, and Web sites of other Lincolnites:

A Tribute to Bill and Phyllis Stigall:
Exemplary Faculty of Lincoln College at Mid-Twentieth Century

A Tribute to the Krotzes of Lincoln, Illinois

A Tribute to Robert Wilson (LCHS '46): Author of Young in Illinois, Movies Editor of December Magazine, Friend and Colleague of December Press Publisher Curt Johnson, and Correspondent with William Maxwell

Brad Dye (LCHS '60): His Lincoln, Illinois, Web Site,
including photos of many churches

Dave Armbrust's Memorabilia of Lincoln, Illinois

J. Richard
(JR) Fikuart
(LCHS '65):
T
he Fikuarts of Lincoln, Illinois, including their connections to the William Maxwell family and three generations of family fun at Lincoln Lakes

Jerry Gibson (LCHS '60): Lincoln, Illinois, Memoirs & Other Stories

Dave Johnson (LCHS '56): His Web Site for the Lincoln Community High School Class of 1956

Sportswriter David Kindred: Memoir of His Grandmother Lena & Her West Side Tavern on Sangamon Street in the Route 66 Era

Judge Jim Knecht
(LCHS '62): Memoir and Short Story, "Other People's Money," Set in Hickey's Billiards on Chicago Street in the Route 66 Era

William A. "Bill" Krueger (LCHS '52): Information for His Books About Murders in Lincoln

Norm Schroeder (LCHS '60): Short Stories

Stan Stringer Writes About His Family, Mark Holland, and Lincoln, Illinois

Thomas Walsh: Anecdotes Relating to This Legendary Attorney from Lincoln by Attorney Fred Blanford & Judge Jim Knecht

Leon Zeter (LCHS '53): His Web Site for the
Lincoln Community High School Class of 1953
,
including announcements of LCHS class reunions

(Post yours there.)
__________

 


Highway Sign of
the Times:
1926-1960

The Route 66
Association of Illinois

The Illinois State Historical Society

Illinois Tourism Site:
Enjoy Illinois

 

 

 Email a link to this page to someone who might be interested. Internet Explorer is the only browser that shows this page the way it was designed.  Your computer's settings may alter the display.

  April 24, 2004: Awarded "Best Web Site of the Year" by the Illinois State Historical Society  
  "superior achievement: serves as a model for the profession and reaches a greater public."
 

Marquee Lights of the Lincoln Theater, est. 1923, Lincoln, Illinois


 You can go home again. Email Leigh Henson at
DLHenson@missouristate.edu.

 

Pictorial Supplement to an Article About Lincoln's Political Rhetoric
in the Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association (winter 2014)

by D. Leigh Henson, Ph.D.

 

Commemorating Lincoln's Foundational Speech: Bust Portion of Lincoln Draws the Line
 by John McClarey at the Courthouse Plaza in Peoria, Illinois

Photo by the author

     Note: Sculptor John McClarey is remarkably effective in creating a face of Lincoln that captures both his good nature and his inexorable determination to succeed in law and politics--especially in politics--, as his law partner William Herndon phrased it: "the little engine that knew no rest." This web page presents more photos of Mr. McClarey's research-based, commendable work.

_______________________________________________
 

     The lead article in the winter 2014 issue of the Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association (JALA) is an 11,000-word composition by D. Leigh Henson, professor emeritus of English at Missouri State University. The title of the article is “Classical Rhetoric as a Lens for Reading the Key Speeches of Lincoln’s Political Rise, 1852–1856.”

     JALA “is the only journal devoted exclusively to Lincoln scholarship.” JALA, published twice a year by the University of Illinois Press, selects only a few article submissions, and articles published have been revised by their authors according to critiques provided by several anonymous scholars. "Online issues are published six months after the print version." (As of 10-14, the full text of Henson's article is available online; the link is below under Suggested Sources.)

     Henson, a native of Lincoln, Illinois, attended Lincoln College his freshman year and earned undergraduate and graduate degrees in English at Illinois State University. He taught English at Pekin Community High School in Pekin, Illinois (a suburb of Peoria), for thirty years (1964--1994) and technical and marketing communication at the undergraduate and graduate levels at Missouri State University, Springfield, for fourteen years (1994--2008).

     Based on rhetorical/textual analysis and interpretation, Henson’s article discusses fundamental communicative elements in several of Lincoln’s speeches just before, during, and after he began his celebrated, second political career in 1854: the 1852 eulogy on Henry Clay, the 1852 Scott Club speech, the 1854 Peoria speech, four 1856 campaign stump speeches, and the 1856 banquet speech in Chicago.

Historical Background

     After Abraham Lincoln's single term in the U.S. House of Representatives ended in 1849, he returned to Springfield and resumed his legal career, with considerable success. He played no major role in Illinois politics at first, but he did deliver a couple of noteworthy political speeches, and he followed national politics by reading newspapers. In 1850 Lincoln gave an invited eulogy for President Zachary Taylor, and in 1852 Lincoln delivered a more significant eulogy for the Whig Congressman and statesman Henry Clay, Lincoln's political hero. Also in 1852, Lincoln delivered a more explicit political speech to the Scott Club of Springfield in which Lincoln supported the Whig presidential candidacy of Winfield Scott, a Mexican War hero. Much of that speech was a vigorous, legalistic refutation of a speech by Stephen Douglas, who supported the Democratic presidential candidate, Franklin Pierce.

     Then in 1854 Lincoln re-entered mainstream politics because like many of his contemporaries, he was deeply troubled by the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Bill, which repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and opened the way for slavery to spread to new territories. U.S. Senator Stephen A. Douglas, Lincoln's political opponent since the 1830s, had used his considerable power in Congress to pass the Kansas-Nebraska Bill, which was signed by Democratic President Buchanan in May 1854.

     In the fall of 1854 Lincoln became a candidate for the Illinois state legislature, and he later aspired to the U.S. Senate. State legislatures chose their U.S. Senators in those days. In the fall of 1854 Lincoln began to follow Douglas as he delivered stump speeches in various Illinois communities, and Lincoln's speeches were lawyerly rebuttals of Douglas's defense of the Nebraska Bill. These 1854 speeches have been described as the first Lincoln-Douglas debates.

     Lincoln's most famous speech in this series was given October 4th at Springfield and repeated about two weeks later in Peoria, including a rebuttal of Douglas's response to Lincoln's October 4th Springfield speech. In developing the Springfield-Peoria speech (also known as just the Peoria speech), Lincoln conducted research in the Illinois State Library in the Statehouse, and the speech was carefully written. The Peoria speech presents the central legal, historical, and moral arguments that Lincoln used to oppose slavery and its extension throughout his second political career, including the presidency. Lincoln revised the Peoria speech for newspaper publication, which greatly expanded the public's familiarity with his arguments.

     Early in 1855 Lincoln failed to get enough support in the Illinois legislature for it to elect him to the U.S. Senate, so Lincoln used his influence to get the antislavery Democrat Lyman Trumbull elected. Lincoln persevered with his ambition to rise in national politics. Senator Trumbull later became a Republican--one of Lincoln's many political allies. Lincoln’s 1854 return to politics led him to help establish the Illinois Republican Party in 1856. His party leadership in turn led to the 1858 Lincoln-Douglas debates, then to his 1860 presidential election.
 

Lincoln in 1854
 

Douglas in the mid 1850s
 

Photos from the Library of Congress
 

More About the Author's Article

     The communicative elements Henson discusses in Lincoln’s political speeches from 1852--1856 trace to classical rhetoric—the work of Greek and Roman writers who established the field of study dealing with the theory, practice, and instruction of discourse. Henson explains that familiarity with classical rhetoric enables readers to gain a better understanding of how Lincoln adapted the content, organization, and style of his speeches to suit his political purposes and audiences.

     Some of Lincoln’s key speeches of this period refute Stephen A. Douglas’s position that local governments in new territories should decide whether to allow slavery. Lincoln argued that slavery is a national, not a local, problem. Lincoln found the solution to it rooted in the principle of the Declaration of Independence that “all men are created equal.” Lincoln was always a proponent of the natural rights of blacks, but in the 1850s did not favor social and political equality between the races. (Late in his presidency he became more receptive to extending civil rights to educated blacks.) Beginning in 1854, Lincoln argued that slavery should be confined to Southern states, where the Constitution allowed it and where it would eventually die out. Lincoln’s political rhetoric benefited from his legalistic ability to expose contradictions and fallacies in the speeches of his opponents.

 

Charles Overall's Painting of Lincoln Addressing Peorians on the Evening of October 16, 1854

     Note: Lincoln rarely delivered speeches outdoors at night.

Adapted from B.C. Bryner, Abraham Lincoln in Peoria, Illinois (1924)

     Henson's article pays special attention to Lincoln’s strategies of organizing his arguments. Henson explains that Lincoln’s two-hour, 1854 Peoria address is a textbook example of how to organize a political speech according to classical rhetoric, including the use of a formal introduction (exordium), "statement of fact" review of the history relating to slavery agitation, refutation of opposing arguments, explanation/justification for Lincoln's solutions to slavery agitation, and a formal conclusion (peroration). Lincoln’s subsequent speeches of this period demonstrate flexible use of classical organization to suit his message and audience. These speeches were the first indication of Lincoln’s growing communicative power that enabled him to advance to the White House. His presidential writing eventually distinguished him as a statesman and world-renowned man of letters.

     This article also explores sources of classical rhetoric that may have influenced Lincoln’s communicative knowledge and skill during his life-long efforts at self-education. Those sources include textbooks and anthologies he read in his youth and the speeches he later studied of Senator Daniel Webster, whose formal education included the study of classical rhetoric. Biographers and historians have long identified Lincoln's interest in Webster's rhetoric, but studies of how Webster's rhetoric influenced specific qualities of Lincoln's rhetoric have been lacking. Henson's article identifies parallels between Webster's and Lincoln's speeches that suggest Webster's influence.
 

     Lincoln was also greatly influenced by Henry Clay's political positions and speeches, but Clay lacked formal education in classical rhetoric.

     Henson notes that today’s students continue to study rhetoric as an academic field to help them analyze, evaluate, and create written and spoken discourse, including communication on the job. Lincoln's political speaking and writing show that rhetorical knowledge and skill are essential for success in the professions. Today's students, just as Lincoln did, will benefit from the study of writing models that embody fundamentals derived from classical rhetoric.

Origins of Author's Lincoln Interest

     Henson is a fourth-generation link in a chain of historians and Lincoln buffs from Logan County, Illinois, who passed their interest in Abraham Lincoln to the next generation. As a student at Jefferson School in the early 1950s, Henson heard stories of the Lincoln legend told by E.H. Lukenbill, a Lincoln buff and county superintendent of public instruction.

     Henson’s interest in Abraham Lincoln further stems from a course he took as a freshman at Lincoln College in 1960–61. That course on Lincoln’s life and times was taught by the renowned historian James T. Hickey. For many years Hickey was the curator of the Lincoln Collection at the Illinois State Historical Library, now the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum. Hickey taught with authoritative knowledge of Abraham Lincoln and the Civil War, and with a charming wit. In addition, Hickey spoke in the Lincoln tradition of telling humorous stories. Hickey's research on Lincoln was published as The Collected Writings of James T. Hickey (Springfield, IL: the Illinois State Historical Society, 1990).
 

          John McClarey's The Campaigner

Bonded bronze on a walnut base, 8"h, from the author's collection of Lincolniana.

     Hickey was a protégé of Judge Lawrence B. Stringer, author of the encyclopedic History of Logan County, Illinois, 1911. It features a chapter on Abraham Lincoln’s legal and political activity in central Illinois that has been cited by major Lincoln biographers. Stringer drew upon the friendship with and reminiscence of Robert B. Latham, one of the three founding fathers of Lincoln, Illinois (1853)—the first namesake town. Abraham Lincoln was the attorney for the town’s founders, and the town was founded before he became famous. Latham was also a founder of Lincoln University, now Lincoln College. He was a personal and political friend of Abraham Lincoln and a Union colonel in the Civil War. Stringer was the first major benefactor of the newly relocated and enhanced Lincoln Heritage Museum of Lincoln College.

Author's Other Research-based Lincoln Projects

     The Lincolnian seed that Lukenbill and Hickey planted in Henson’s education lay dormant for forty years. It did not germinate until after he was in the middle of his second teaching career, at Missouri State University. When Henson began to research Abraham Lincoln in the early 2000s, some of the first material he discovered was information about Lincoln's connection to his first namesake town, including material published by the late Raymond Dooley, president of Lincoln College in the 1950s and 1960s.

     In 2004 the Illinois State Historical Society gave a Superior Achievement Award to Henson’s community history website of Lincoln, Illinois. In 2008–09 he was a member of the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission of that town. He researched and wrote the play script for the 2008 re-enactment of the 1858 Republican rally there the day after the last Lincoln-Douglas debate. Lincoln delivered a stump speech at the rally, but no copy of it has been found. Henson’s play script features a “reasonable facsimile” of that speech and rally, including give-and-take with the audience. The re-enactment was accomplished through collaboration with Paul Beaver, professor emeritus of history at Lincoln College; Ron Keller, director of the Lincoln Heritage Museum; and Wanda Lee Rohlfs, civic leader.

     In 2008 Henson proposed erecting a statue of Abraham Lincoln the 1858 Senate candidate and a corresponding historical marker, both to be installed on the lawn of the Logan County Courthouse, where the 1858 rally took place. Presently a local committee is raising funds for those purposes. In 2012 Henson’s book titled The Town Lincoln Warned: The Living Namesake History of Lincoln, Illinois, received a Superior Achievement Award from the Illinois State Historical Society. In 2013 he proposed several additional statues of Lincoln in Lincoln to expand its namesake heritage, strengthen civic pride, and increase heritage tourism. Also in 2013 the Lincoln Elementary School District honored Henson as one of four distinguished alumni. Henson continues to research Lincoln’s political rhetoric.

     Henson is an elected member of the Society of Midland Authors. He is also a member of the Illinois Center for the Book, an affiliate of the Library of Congress. He shares information about technical and marketing communication, his Abraham  Lincoln research, American literature, Illinois history, historic preservation, and heritage tourism on social media at Facebook and LinkedIn (see links below under Suggested Sources).

Springfield Photos Associated with Lincoln's Political Speeches in the Illinois Statehouse

     Abraham Lincoln gave the first version of his Peoria address in the Representative Hall of the Illinois Statehouse (Capitol) on October 4, 1854, the day after Douglas had given a political speech at the Illinois State Fair in Springfield, a few blocks west of the Statehouse. The Statehouse was--and is-- located across the street from the building with the Lincoln-Herndon Law Offices. Sculptor Larry Anderson assigned the date of October 4, 1854, to his work titled Springfield's Lincoln, as seen below. Representative Hall  was also the location where Lincoln delivered his 1858 speech accepting the unanimous Illinois Republican party nomination for the U.S. Senate--his famous, provocative House Divided speech.

     Photos below are by Henson and his wife, Pat Hartman, unless otherwise noted. The first three photos were taken during the June 2004 installation, and the others were taken on April 26, 2014.
 

     Note: When the above photo was taken, the sculpture of William Wallace ("Willie") Lincoln, age three and a half, had not yet been installed. The Lincolns' last child, Thomas ("Tad"), was just over a year old in October 1854.
 

Larry Anderson's Springfield's Lincoln on Oct. 4, 1854, in Front of the Lincoln-Herndon Law Offices, with Son Robert Todd, age 11, Waving to His Younger Brother, William Wallace ("Willie")
(and to the contemporary boy in the orange shirt)
 

"Willie" Lincoln Waves to Older Brother Robert Todd
 

Mrs. Lincoln's Adjustments as Her Husband Prepares to Speak Across the Street in the Statehouse
 



Anderson's Face of Mary Lincoln
 

Fifth Illinois Statehouse (1839--1876): Where Lincoln Delivered the First Version of the Peoria Address, Where He Delivered the 1858 House Divided Speech, and
Where His Body Lay in State in 1865
 


 

     Below: On the first floor of the Statehouse, the State Library provided key resources Lincoln used to research his 1854 Peoria address.
 


 


 

Stairs Leading to Second-Floor Representative Hall and Senate Chamber
 

Stephen A. Douglas Statue at Representative Hall Entrance

     For a brief time in the late 1830s, Doulas and Lincoln served in the Illinois House of Representatives together. In these chambers on October 3, 1854, Douglas delivered a speech defending his position on the Kansas-Nebraska Bill, and Lincoln responded the next day in the same location--the first version of his celebrated Peoria address.
 

Portrait of Lincoln's Exemplar George Washington in Representative Hall

     The desk tops feature candlesticks, ink wells, and quill pens.
 

Representative Hall as Seen from the Balcony

     The bunting hangs on the railing of the balcony, where visitors could observe proceedings and political speeches. Source: Illinois Guide to State Historic Sites and Memorials (Illinois Historic Preservation Agency)

Photos and Other Images Associated with the Peoria Address


The Peoria Courthouse, 1835--1876

Adapted from B.C. Bryner, Abraham Lincoln in Peoria, Illinois (1924)
 

Charles Overall's Painting of the Night Scene of Lincoln's Peoria Address

Adapted from B.C. Bryner, Abraham Lincoln in Peoria, Illinois (1924)

     During the 1858 Lincoln-Douglas debates, Lincoln delivered stump speeches at Peoria and nearby Pekin on October 5, 1858, two days before the fifth debate (at Galesburg). No text of those stump speeches has been found.
 

John McClarey's Lincoln Draws the Line
 

     Above three photos by the author. He proudly notes that for thirty years he was one of the teachers referred to in the above photo of the dedicatory plaque.
 

 

     The author thanks the past and present executive and managing editors of the Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association: Dr. Thomas Schwartz, Dr. Bryon Andreasen, Dr. Daniel Stowell, and Dr. Christian McWhirter. Dr. McWhirter was especially helpful, patient, and prompt in the close communication involved in the exacting process of refereed publication. The author is deeply grateful to the Journal's anonymous reviewers for their astute guidance in helping him to refine the purpose and scope of his article in its early stage. The author is blessed with the patience of his wife, Patricia Steinke Hartman, and grateful for her copyediting skill.
 

D. Leigh Henson, 5-14
 

Suggested Sources for Browsing and Research

      About Sculptor Larry Anderson's art, http://www.showcasemedialive.com/fall2009/community/larry-anderson. Larry Anderson's work on Flickr, https://www.flickr.com/photos/7532804@N02/sets/72157631971314806/.

     Basler, Roy P., et al., eds., Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, 9 vols. (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1953–1955), http://quod.lib.umich.edu/l/lincoln/.

     Bryner, B.C., Abraham Lincoln in Peoria, Illinois (1924; reprt., Henry, IL: M and D Printing, 2001). (The author is grateful to Caryl Steinke Schlicher, his sister-in-law, for the gift of this book.)

     Corbett, Edward P.J., and Robert J. Connors, Classical Rhetoric for the Modern Student, 4th ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999), 17–22. The late Dr. John Heissler, professor of English at Illinois State University, introduced the author to Corbett and Connors' work, which is available in various editions and is a widely used contemporary text for reference and instruction in classical rhetoric. Access and scroll down to Editorial Reviews, http://www.amazon.com/Classical-Rhetoric-Modern-Student-4th/dp/0195115422/ref=sr_1_2?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1397594896&sr=1-2&keywords=Corbett+connors/.

     Douglas, Stephen A., online, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_A._Douglas and http://ehistory.osu.edu/world/PeopleView.cfm?PID=26

     Guillory, Dan,  "Statues with Soul: The Lincoln Bronzes of Sculptor John McClarey,"                http://www.lib.niu.edu/2005/ih050708.html. For Mr. McClarey's work available for purchase, see http://webpages.charter.net/lincolnbooks/McClarey.html. Note: the preceding site was not created by Mr. McClarey, so the prices specified are dated. His contact information given there, however, is correct.

     Henson at Facebook, https://www.facebook.com/leigh.henson, and LinkedIn, http://la.linkedin.com/pub/d-leigh-henson/16/1a5/923. The LinkedIn site has links to a variety of online materials developed by Henson.

     Henson, "A Tribute to the Historians and Advocates of Lincoln, Illinois," http://findinglincolnillinois.com/historians.html, includes information about James T. Hickey, Lawrence B. Stringer, and Raymond Dooley. Information about E.H. Lukenbill appears at http://findinglincolnillinois.com/memoirofpostville.html#ehl. Mr. Stringer and Mr. Lukenbill rest near Lincoln, Illinois, in Old Union Cemetery. Mr. Hickey rests in Holy Cross Cemetery, adjacent to Old Union Cemetery. The late Mr. Raymond N. Dooley spent his retirement in Arizona. He passed away in 1991 and rests a few miles north of Lincoln in Funks Grove Cemetery near McLean, with his wife Florence Dooley. Funks Grove is just south of Bloomington, Illinois, where Dooley was born and raised.

     Henson, A Long-Range Plan to Brand the First Lincoln Namesake City as the Second City of Abraham Lincoln Statues.

     Henson, “Classical Rhetoric as a Lens for Reading the Key Speeches of Lincoln’s Political Rise, 1852–1856," http://quod.lib.umich.edu/j/jala/2629860.0035.103/--classical-rhetoric-as-a-lens-for-reading-the-key-speeches?rgn=main;view=fulltext.

     Hickey, James T., The Collected Writings of James T. Hickey (Springfield, IL: the Illinois State Historical Society, 1990).

     Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association website, http://www.abrahamlincolnassociation.org/Journal.aspx.

     Lehrman, Lewis E., Lincoln at Peoria,The Turning Point: Getting Right with the Declaration of Independence (Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2008). John L. Lupton's review of Lehrman's book on the Peoria speech published in the Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association, http://quod.lib.umich.edu/j/jala/2629860.0031.109/--lincoln-at-peoria-the-turning-point?rgn=main;view=fulltext.

     Library of Congress, Digital Collections, American Memory, http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html.

     "Lincoln Family Sculpture Unveiled in Springfield," http://www.abrahamlincolnonline.org/lincoln/news/looking.htm.

     Lincoln Heritage Museum of Lincoln College, Lincoln, Illinois, http://www.lincolncollege.edu/museum/.

     Papers of Abraham Lincoln, with links to the CVs of its staff, including those of Dr. Daniel W. Stowell and Dr. Christian McWhirter, http://www.papersofabrahamlincoln.org/about-us/staff-descriptions.

     Sorensen, Mark W., "The Illinois State Library: 1818--1870," http://www.lib.niu.edu/1999/il990133.html.

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     Email comments, corrections, questions, or suggestions. 
Also please email me if this Web site helps you decide to visit Lincoln, Illinois: DLHenson@missouristate.edu.
 

"The Past Is But the Prelude"

The founding fathers of this town asked their attorney, Abraham Lincoln, for permission to name this new community after him, and he agreed.  On the first day lots were publicly sold--August 27, 1853--, Abraham Lincoln, near the site of the train depot, used watermelon juice to christen the town as Lincoln, Illinois.  It thus became the first town named for Abraham Lincoln before he became famous.