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Testimonials

A Long-Range Plan to Brand the First Lincoln Namesake City as the Second City of Abraham Lincoln Statues

The Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Celebration in Lincoln, Illinois

1.
Abraham Lincoln and the Historic Postville Courthouse,
including a William Maxwell connection to the Postville Courthouse

2.
About Henry Ford and the Postville Courthouse, the Story of the Postville Courthouse Replica,
Tantivy, & the Postville Park Neighborhood in the
Route 66 Era


3.

The Rise of Abraham Lincoln and His History and Heritage in His First Namesake Town,
also the founding of Lincoln College, the plot to steal Lincoln's body, and memories of Lincoln College and the Rustic Tavern-Inn

4. 
Introduction to the Social & Economic History of Lincoln, Illinois,
including poetry by William Childress & commentary by Federal Judge Bob Goebel & Illinois Appellate Court Judge Jim Knecht

5.
"Social Consciousness in William Maxwell's Writings Based on Lincoln, Illinois" (an article published in the Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, winter 2005-06
)

5.a.
Peeking Behind the Wizard's Screen: William Maxwell's Literary Art as Revealed by a Study of the Black Characters in Billie Dyer and Other Stories

6.
Introduction to the Railroad & Route 66 Heritage of Lincoln, Illinois

7.
The Living Railroad Heritage of Lincoln, Illinois: on Track as a Symbol of the "Usable Past"


8.

Route 66 Overview Map of Lincoln with 42 Sites, Descriptions, & Photos

9.
The Hensons of Business Route 66

10.
The Wilsons of Business
Route 66
,
including the Wilson Grocery & Shell Station

11.
Route 66 Map & Photos Showing Lincoln Memorial Park
(former Chautauqua site),
the Historic Cemeteries, & Nearby Sites

12.
Route 66 Map & Photos Showing Salt Creek & Cemetery Hill,
including
the highway bridges, GM&O bridge, Madigan State Park, the old dam (with photos & Leigh's memoir of "shooting the rapids" over the old dam), & the Ernie Edwards' Pig-Hip Restaurant Museum in Broadwell

13.
The Historic Logan County Courthouse, Past & Present


14.
Route 66 Map with 51 Sites in the Business & Courthouse Square Historic District,
including locations of historical markers
(on the National Register of Historic Places)

15.
Vintage Scenes of the Business & Courthouse Square Historic District

16.
The Foley House:  A Monument to Civic Leadership
(on the National Register of Historic Places)

17.
Agriculture in
the Route 66 Era


18.
Arts & Entertainment Heritage,
including the Lincoln Theatre Roy Rogers' Riders Club of the 1950s

19.
Business Heritage

20.
Cars, Trucks & Gas Stations of the Route 66 Era

21.
Churches,
including the hometown churches of Author William Maxwell & Theologian Reinhold Niebuhr

22.
Factories, Past and Present

23.
Food Stores of
the Route 66 Era


24.
Government

25.
Hospitals, Past and Present

26.
Hotels & Restaurants of the Railroad & Route 66 Eras


27.
Lincoln Developmental Center
(Lincoln State School & Colony in the Route 66 era), plus
debunking the myth of Lincoln, Illinois, choosing the Asylum over the University of Illinois

28
.
Mining Coal, Limestone, & Sand & Gravel; Lincoln Lakes; & Utilities


29.

Museums & Parks, including the Lincoln College Museum and its Abraham Lincoln Collection, plus the Heritage-in-Flight Museum

30.
Neighborhoods
with Distinction

31.
News Media in the Route 66 Era

32.
The Odd Fellows' Children's Home

33.
Schools

34.
Memories of the 1900 Lincoln Community High School,
including Fred Blanford's dramatic account of the lost marble fountain of youth

35.
A Tribute to the Historians and Advocates of Lincoln, Illinois

36.
Watering Holes of the Route 66 Era

37.
The Historic 1953 Centennial Celebration of Lincoln, Illinois

38.
The Festive 2003 Sesqui-centennial Celebration of Lincoln, Illinois,
including photos of LCHS Class of 1960 dignitaries & the Blanfords

39.
Why Did the State Police Raid Lincoln, Illinois, on October 11, 1950?

40.
The Gambling Raids in Lincoln and Logan County, Illinois,
During the Late Route 66 Era (1950-1960)

_______

Pages in this section tell about Leigh Henson's Lincoln years, moving away, revisits, and career:

About Lincoln, Illinois;
This Web Site; & Me

A Tribute to Lincolnite Edward Darold Henson: World War II U.S. Army Veteran of the Battles for Normandy and the Hedgerows; Brittany and Brest; and the Ardennes (Battle of the Bulge)

For Remembrance, Understanding, & Fun: Lincoln Community High School Mid-20th-Century Alums' Internet Community
(a Web site and email exchange devoted to collaborative memoir and the sharing of photos related to Lincoln, Illinois)

Leigh Henson's Pilgrimage to Lincoln, Illinois, on
July 12, 2001

Leigh Henson's Review of Dr. Burkhardt's William Maxwell Biography

Leigh Henson's Review of Ernie Edwards' biography, Pig-Hips on Route 66, by William Kaszynski

Leigh Henson's Review of Jan Schumacher's Glimpses of Lincoln, Illinois

Teach Local Authors: Considering the Literature of Lincoln, Illinois

Web Site About
Leigh Henson's Professional Life

__________

Pages in this section are about the writing, memorabilia, and Web sites of other Lincolnites:

A Tribute to Bill and Phyllis Stigall:
Exemplary Faculty of Lincoln College at Mid-Twentieth Century

A Tribute to the Krotzes of Lincoln, Illinois

A Tribute to Robert Wilson (LCHS '46): Author of Young in Illinois, Movies Editor of December Magazine, Friend and Colleague of December Press Publisher Curt Johnson, and Correspondent with William Maxwell

Brad Dye (LCHS '60): His Lincoln, Illinois, Web Site,
including photos of many churches

Dave Armbrust's Memorabilia of Lincoln, Illinois

J. Richard
(JR) Fikuart
(LCHS '65):
T
he Fikuarts of Lincoln, Illinois, including their connections to the William Maxwell family and three generations of family fun at Lincoln Lakes

Jerry Gibson (LCHS '60): Lincoln, Illinois, Memoirs & Other Stories

Dave Johnson (LCHS '56): His Web Site for the Lincoln Community High School Class of 1956

Sportswriter David Kindred: Memoir of His Grandmother Lena & Her West Side Tavern on Sangamon Street in the Route 66 Era

Judge Jim Knecht
(LCHS '62): Memoir and Short Story, "Other People's Money," Set in Hickey's Billiards on Chicago Street in the Route 66 Era

William A. "Bill" Krueger (LCHS '52): Information for His Books About Murders in Lincoln

Norm Schroeder (LCHS '60): Short Stories

Stan Stringer Writes About His Family, Mark Holland, and Lincoln, Illinois

Thomas Walsh: Anecdotes Relating to This Legendary Attorney from Lincoln by Attorney Fred Blanford & Judge Jim Knecht

Leon Zeter (LCHS '53): His Web Site for the
Lincoln Community High School Class of 1953
,
including announcements of LCHS class reunions

(Post yours there.)
__________

 


Highway Sign of
the Times:
1926-1960

The Route 66
Association of Illinois

The Illinois State Historical Society

Illinois Tourism Site:
Enjoy Illinois

 

 

   Internet Explorer is the only browser that shows this page the way it was designed.  Your computer's settings may alter the display.

April 24, 2004: Awarded "Best Web Site of the Year" by the Illinois State Historical Society  
  "superior achievement: serves as a model for the profession and reaches a greater public"

 

Marquee Lights of the Lincoln Theater, est. 1923, Lincoln, Illinois


 You can go home again. Email Leigh Henson at DLHenson@missouristate.edu.

 

   13. The Logan County Courthouse, Past and Present
 

        "The courthouse clock, floating in the sky, shows them the way home."
         
                                                                                            
                                                             
William Maxwell, Ancestors (1971), p. 273.

_____________________

     When Lincoln, Illinois, became the county seat of Logan County in 1856, court did not resume at the Postville Courthouse.  Instead, a new courthouse was constructed on the site of the present Logan County Courthouse.  The 1856 structure burned April 15,1857, and was replaced by a courthouse that served until 1903, when construction on the present courthouse began and was finished in 1905.  Mr. Lincoln worked in both the 1856 and 1858 courthouses.  Lincoln was so respected as a lawyer that he was asked to substitute for Judge David Davis on occasion until Lincoln's election to the Presidency. 

     On December 24, 1985, the Logan County Courthouse Square Historic District was placed on the National Register of Historic Places.  This area is "roughly bounded by Sangamon, Pekin, Chicago, Delaware, Broadway, and Pulaski Streets" (Illinois Historic Preservation Agency Web site, address below). 

     Buildings in this area have historic architectural significance from 1850 to 1950 and demonstrate architecture associated with the late19th and early 20th Centuries:   Revival, Late Victorian, and Italianate styles.  Notable buildings include Lincoln City Hall, commercial and residential structures, as well as restaurants and the Logan County Courthouse (National Register of Historic Places Web site, address below).

     The centerpiece of this area is the Logan County Courthouse, constructed from 1903-1905.  The two courthouses that formerly occupied this site were familiar to Abraham Lincoln through his law practice.
 

The Significance of a County Courthouse

     "But above all, the courthouse: the center, the focus, the hub; sitting looming in the center of the county's circumference like a single cloud in its ring of horizon, laying its vast shadow to the uttermost rim of horizon; musing, brooding, symbolic and ponderable, tall as cloud, solid as rock, dominating all: protector of the weak, judiciate and curb of the passions and lusts, repository and guardian of the aspirations and hopes. . . ."

                   William Faulkner, "The Courthouse [A Name for the City]," in Requiem for a Nun
 

The Second Logan County Courthouse in Lincoln, Illinois



13.1:  Logan County Courthouse (1858-1903) Familiar to Abraham Lincoln

     The 1858 Logan County Courthouse, built at a cost of $15,000, was familiar to Abraham Lincoln.  On October 16, 1858, he spoke here for two hours at a Republican meeting (Dooley, The Namesake Town, p. 19).  This structure was disassembled in 1903, to prepare for the construction of the present courthouse.
 

Did Abraham Lincoln Gaze Through These Windows of the
Second Logan County Courthouse on this Site?

     Abraham Lincoln practiced law and sometimes substituted for Judge David Davis in this courthouse from 1858 to 1860. Perhaps Davis and Lincoln looked through the windows shown in the photos below.  Karl Krotz of Lincoln, Illinois, tells me that several windows and a doorway in the former Krotz & Sons Grocery Building came from this courthouse. Photos 13.4 and 13.5 show one of these windows. His claim is credible for the following reasons:

     The construction of the long two-story, red-brick Krotz Building dates to the first decade of the twentieth century. The 1858 courthouse was disassembled, not demolished, in 1903, as observed by Judge Lawrence Stringer, and some of its materials could have been used in other construction: "The old building was disposed of, to the contractors, who dismantled same for whatever salvage might be secured therefrom" (History of Logan County 1911, p. 239).
 

     The photo at the right shows the location of the Krotz & Sons Market, which has an 1858 Logan County Courthouse window in the north wall. The left photo below of this courthouse shows one of its windows. The middle and right photos below show the 1858 courthouse window in the present-day Krotz Building. The courthouse windows each had twelve panes. To show this feature, in the left photo below I numbered the six panes in the window's top half, and this design is identical to the design seen in the contemporary photos of the courthouse window of the Krotz Building.

13.2: The 1858 Logan County Courthouse Window
in the Krotz Building

(Photo in Gleason, Lincoln: A Pictorial History, p. 40)

     An interior wall of the Krotz Building contains at least two other external windows and a doorway from the second Logan County Courthouse on this site (1858-1903), although the windows' glass is gone and they are partially covered by a wall.  The doorway is still in use. Karl and the customers of his curiosity shop walk through it every day. I'm sure if you visit his shop, he will happily show you these windows and door. The Krotz shop is located on north Kickapoo Street just north of the Illinois Central Railroad tracks and across the street from the round-roof metal building that formerly housed the Stetson China Company Factory Outlet Store. Simply tell Karl that I sent you.
 

13.3: Window in 1858 Logan Co. Courthouse in Which Abraham Lincoln Practiced Law Until 1860

13.4: 1858 Window of Former Krotz & Son Grocery

13.5: Interior View of 1858 Courthouse Window

     The above photo at left is enlarged from Gleason, Lincoln: A Pictorial History, p. 18. I took the above middle and right photos in July, 2004. They appear here with the permission of Karl Krotz. Curiously, Mr. Gleason and Mr. Krotz are both 1956 graduates of Lincoln Community High School.

"Mr. Lincoln and the Case of the Milk-Drinking Mule" (at the 1858 Logan County Courthouse)

     "Milk-Drinking Mule Played Important Role in One of Lincoln's Law Cases" is the title of an article that appeared in the Lincoln Evening Courier, Centennial Edition, Section One, Wednesday, August 26, 1953, p. 6, and I quote the entire story below:

     "Another legal document written by Abraham Lincoln -- with reference to a replevin suit in Logan County Circuit Court which started in 1858 and wasn't settled until 1860 -- has been found in old files of the court by James Hickey of Elkhart, vice president of both the Logan County Historical Society and the Illinois State Historical Society.

     The replevin suit [legal action to regain ownership] concerned ownership of a mule that drank milk.

     James M. Houser and Henry Palmer both claimed the mule, which was about 3 years old with the letter "S" branded on its left shoulder. The animal was worth about $150.

     Palmer, manager of the old Lincoln House at Broadway and Chicago Street, had replevined the mule from Howser, and Howser was trying to get it back.

     An attorney named Austin represented Howser and Wilford D. Wyatt represented the hotel man.

     The jury trial was held March 23, 1859. It was at this term of court that Lincoln was present for most of the two weeks and acted as Judge in several cases. Judge Davis of Bloomington was on the bench for the Howser-Palmer case, however.

     Wyatt stated to the jury that Palmer and his children had raised the mule as a pet on a diet of milk and that, though now mature, it still liked milk. Lincoln, who was in court, laughed so much that Wyatt became irritated and told Lincoln he would prove the statement.

     A pan of milk was presented to the mule. The animal drank it and wanted more.

     Lincoln then made a counter proposition: "There are half dozen other mules tethered to the hitching racks around the square, and every one will do the same." Another pan of milk was presented to another mule, and it drank it.

     The jury returned a verdict in favor of Howser.

     Apparently Lincoln felt he had caused Wyatt to lose the case, for he wrote out a motion -- the one found here -- for a new trial for Wyatt and the Judge granted the request. The new trial came up in September, 1859, with a new jury, but the jurors couldn't agree. The jury was dismissed and the case was continued.

     At the March, 1860, term of court the case was dismissed by Judge Davis, and Palmer and Howser were ordered to pay their own costs.

     At the time of the first trial, Lincoln was a guest at the old Lincoln House of which Palmer was manager."
 

Picture Postcard of the Third Logan County Courthouse in Lincoln, Illinois

13.6:  1905 Logan County Courthouse in 1914

     At the far left of the courthouse, the corner of the post office is noticeable. Between the post office and the courthouse is the building that preceded the IOOF Building, constructed in 1916.  Immediately to the right of the courthouse is the horse and mule barn of veterinarian and businessman Dr. Thomas A. Donald, a popular figure portrayed in several of William Maxwell's works.  (Both Dr. Donald and his horse and mule barn are discussed at 15. Vintage Scenes of the Business & Courthouse Square Historic District).
 

1905 Logan County Courthouse in the Route 66 Era (1950s)

13.7:  Logan County Courthouse in the Mid 1950s

(Photographer uncertain, probably Larry Shroyer)

     This photo shows the northeast corner of the courthouse as viewed from the intersection of Broadway and McLean.  It seems that the photo was taken from the sidewalk in front of the Avery and Comstock Furniture Store.  The photo shows a virtual line-up of mid-Twentieth Century cars.  I do not have a reliable knowledge of makes and models, but offer some tentative identifications:  left to right, a 1955 or 1956 Chevrolet; a 1957 Ford; a 1955 or '56 Chevrolet; a 1956, '57, or '58 Plymouth; a 1956 Buick; and a 1948, 1949, or 1950 Nash.  The Civil War monument can be seen in the lower-right corner.  The Arcade building is at the left of the Courthouse.  Is the traffic light equipment the same as that in the contemporary photo seen in photo 13.10 below?
 

More Early Picture Postcards of the 1905 Logan County Courthouse
 

13.8:  Southwest Corner View @ 1910

(
Electrical lines for streetlights are visible.)
 

13.9:  Northwest Corner View @ 1912
 

1905 Logan County Courthouse Today

13.10:  Contemporary View of 1905 Logan County Courthouse

     (Photo from front cover of: Lincoln/Logan County Chamber of Commerce Community Profile.  
Photo is courtesy of VillageProfile.com, Elgin, IL.)

     This view is from the northeast; most likely this photo was taken from the roof of city hall.  The Civil War monument is the small, white image rising from the trees at the right.  The giant Seth Thomas clock in the dome shows the time is late morning, and there are parking spaces available.

     Judge Lawrence Stringer describes this courthouse in his History of Logan County 1911.  Judge Stringer was "president" of the dedication day, November 9, 1905; and he delivered the opening address.  The following is part the description in Judge Stringer's history:

      "The building is constructed of Cleveland sandstone.  The basement and first stories have rock-faced surface, while the remaining stories are of dressed stone.  The building is of classic design, with four entrances, each surmounted by four huge columns twenty-five feet high, three feet in diameter, holding aloft pediments bearing stone carvings representing the state seal of Illinois.  The structure has a basement and three stories. . . .  The building is topped with a dome, one of the largest in the state.  It has a diameter of 52 feet and a height of 60 feet, from the base to the summit of the dome proper.  The dome is surmounted by a lantern, nine feet in diameter, and about 18 feet height.  On this there is a flag pole 30 feet in height. . . .  In the dome are four clock dials of glass, each being nine feet in diameter.  The dome is covered with copper and the roof is of red tile. 

     It was decided when the structure was built, not to have a clock placed therein.  Later, the supervisors changed their minds about the matter, and placed in the building. a Seth Thomas clock, which cost several thousand dollars" (Stringer, pp. 240-242).

     Inside, "the stone arches which overshadow the entrances in the stone panels are memorial tablets, bearing inscriptions on each side, being eight panels in all."  On the right at the Broadway Street entrance is a tribute to Abraham Lincoln:  "In memory of Abraham Lincoln, who practiced law in the court houses which formerly occupied this site; who prepared and introduced, in the general assembly of 1838, the act creating this county, and from whom the city of Lincoln was named, in 1853, before he became famous in the nations" (Stringer, p. 243).

     Additional descriptions of the Courthouse interior come from a brochure titled Logan County Courthouse Lincoln, Illinois (Abraham Lincoln Tourism Bureau of Logan County):

     "The rotunda continues to the roof of the third floor.  It is covered with a dome of stained glass, illuminated with natural light by day and artificial light after dark. . . .

     A mosaic of the state seal, best viewed from the second or third floor balcony, is worked in one-inch colored tiles in the floor of the rotunda" (Stringer, p. 241).

     According to former Lincoln College president, Raymond Dooley, who uses Stringer as the source, paintings on the third floor include four large landscapes and four portraits.  The landscapes show sites of historic significance.  "Elkhart Hill, Old Postville Court House, Mt. Pulaski Court House and the Lincoln Court House of 1857 [1858] are pictured in the larger murals.  In the four corners are medallion portraits -- Abraham Lincoln, who named the county and the city of Lincoln; Dr. John Logan, for whom Mr. Lincoln named the county; Stephen A. Douglas, who spoke in Lincoln in 1858 during the year of the Lincoln-Douglas debates; and Governor Richard J. Oglesby, soldier and statesman" (Dooley, The Namesake Town, p. 19).
 

13.11: Kickapoo Street Side

(photo courtesy of Pat Hartman)
 

     13.12: Abraham Lincoln Plaque on the Kickapoo Street Side, Where He Delivered a Two-hour Speech from the Steps of This Site's Second Logan County Courthouse, October 16, 1858, the Day After the Last Lincoln-Douglas Debate in Alton, Illinois

(photo courtesy of Leigh Henson)

     As of June, 2007, there is local discussion about erecting a statue of Abraham Lincoln on this side of the Courthouse to commemorate Abraham Lincoln's 1858 speech on this site.
 

13.13: Cornice on Broadway Street

(photo courtesy of Pat Hartman)
 

13.14: Stone Carving Detail of the Illinois State Seal on Broadway Street Side

(photo courtesy of Pat Hartman)

     Each of the four identical cornices (the other three facing Pulaski, McLean, and Kickapoo Streets) has the stone carving of the Illinois State Seal. (Note: the red tint is a mysterious flaw in the photo and is not in the stone. I could have used Photoshop to remove this tint, but decided I have a better use of the considerable time it would take to do so.)


The Historic Civil War Soldier Statue (one of the oldest Civil War monuments in the nation)

    The problems: the historic Civil War Union soldier statue on the Logan County courthouse lawn, constructed of white marble, deteriorated for 140 years (the hapless victim of benign neglect), and was blown down by wind late in December, 2008. The weak points were the ankles. As of early 2010, a committee of concerned citizens is presently working to replace this historic landmark. They have reversed their original vote to replace the statue with a white marble twin like the original and are now going to try to get a bronze replica. The chemicals needed to seal and maintain a bronze statue could run down onto the tall stone column and stone base structures beneath the statue and ruin them. And regardless, these chemicals will not prevent the stone structures beneath a bronze statue from being stained. For an example of this staining problem, access David Doolin's undoctored photo of the wall of the Fellowship Center of the Lincoln Christian Church. A properly maintained white marble replacement would last indefintely. The Logan County Civil War Monument, dedicated in 1869, is one of the oldest of its kind in the entire nation.

     Access Leigh Henson's position statement calling for all history buffs to express their preference for a marble statue twin--not a bronze replica--to replace the fallen statue. Please immediately email David Doolin (degreed engineer and key member of the statue replacement committee) to express your support for a white marble statue replacement of the original:  ddoolin@mail.bradley.edu. (Thanks, David, for your excellent collaboration on this article. You are the young engineer history buff who has inspired this old professor history buff: both Lincolnites at heart although of different generations. I commend you for your efforts to preserve the remarkable history of Lincoln/Logan County for the future. The past obligates the present to shape the future.)

The Story of the Original Logan County Civil War Monument in the First Lincoln Namesake City

    The following is the entire account of the "Soldier's Monument" quoted from Lawrence Stringer's Logan County History 1911.

     "Early in the spring of 1867, a movement was begun, to more enduringly commemorate the patriotism of the men of Logan County, who had laid down their lives for the flag, by erecting in the Court House square at Lincoln a suitable and appropriate monument to the dead who died in their country's service. An association was formed for this purpose, a special committee selected, composed of T.J. Larison, C.H. Miller, W.P. Randolph, George S. Dana, J.T. Hoblit and William McGalliard, to provide ways and means for the erection of the same and to superintend the entire work. At a meeting of the committee held at the office of C.H. Miller, August 20, 1867, the secretary, J.T. Hoblit, was authorized to advertise for bids for the construction of the monument, same 'to be constructed of the best quality of American marble, the statue of a life sized soldier, to be placed on the top of said monument, said statue to be made of the best quality of Carara statuary marble, the monument to be surrounded by a suitable fence, and the die to furnish sufficient room to record 300 names, with the date of death, the regiment and company, to which the soldier belonged.' The contract was subsequently let to Bushway & Baldwin, marble cutters, for $5,600, according to the above specifications.

     The Board of Supervisors on Sept. 9, 1867, voted $3,000, from the funds of the county, toward paying for the monument. The City of Lincoln also voted $1,000 in City bonds for the same purpose and individual contributions raised this amount to $5,000. Subsequently, owning to a loss of $600 on the bonds and subscriptions, and the work being so much greater than at first contemplated by the contractors, the County Board appropriated $1,000 more for their relief. The Board also formally tendered the use of the Court House grounds as a site for the monument."

      "The monument was completed in the spring of 1869, and was located north of the Court House. Its entire height was 23 feet. It consisted of two base stones, upon which rested the column with the names of 326 of the heroic dead, a small column resting on a plinth, and the whole crowned by a life-sized statue of a uniformed soldier 'at attention.' A meeting was held May 12, 1869, to make arrangements for the dedication, at which Joseph Ream presided, William Toomey acted as secretary, committees were selected and June 10th set as the date for dedication. On that day, the monument was dedicated with appropriate ceremonies."
 

     "A procession was formed in front of the Court House at 10 o'clock a.m., under the direction of Chief Marshal Robert B. Latham and his assistants, J.T. Hoblit, O. Allen, J.C. Ross, H. Sturges, Silas Beason, A. McGalliard, Henry Fox, D.H. Harts, Ed Lynch and William Markworth. The Board of Supervisors, the Masonic, Odd Fellows and other lodges, and a large number of citizens in carriages, headed by the Mount Pulaski Band, participated in the procession. After marching through the principal streets, the crowd was led to Latham's Park, where a bountiful repast had been prepared, of which thousands partook. The exercises began at 2 o'clock p.m. After an invocation by Rev. A.J. Layenberger and music by the band, J.G. Chalfant, introduced the speaker of the day, Richard J. Oglesby, who delivered one of his characteristically eloquent and able addresses. At the time of the erection of the present new court house in 1903, the reorganization of the grounds necessitated a change in the site of the monument. By this time, the elements had discolored the monument somewhat, and the Board had the entire monument cleaned and rehabilitated.

     They also relocated it on a site northwest of the court house midway between the building and the northwest corner of the court house square, elevated it upon two large bases of red granite, in the center of a wide cement sidewalk, all at a cost of about $1,000. In its present conspicuous location, it attracts universal attention, a monument of patriotism to posterity yet to come" (pp. 207-208).
 


13.15: Civil War Monument,
Soldier Statue (among snow flurries)
(Leigh Henson photo 12-01)

      For a larger version, click on photo, and click again when the image appears in a separate window. This photo shows the consistency of color for the full length of the monument. The photo also shows the good visibility of the monument because its light color contrasts to the darker courthouse brown in the background. A bronze statue would not have those artistic advantages.

     The first two photos below are courtesy of Leigh's wife, Pat Hartman.

13.16: Statue Close-up 1
 

13.17: Statue Close-up 2

13.18: Logan County's Fallen Civil War Soldier Statue

     RIP: December, 2008. The body and a pool of snow blood. (Oops, Leigh forgot where he got this photo. Let him know if you are the source.)
 

Civil War Cannon
  
    "On the Court House grounds, northeast of the Court House, another government cannon has also been mounted on a cement slab [in addition to the one in Old Union Cemetery], by the County Board, the local Grand Army Post furnishing the field piece"  (Stringer, p. 209).

     In an email message to me on Veterans' Day, November 11, 2003, Stan Stringer wrote,

     "The barrel is the only thing that is authentic.  The carriage is a blacksmithed jerry build.  My dad told me that when he was a boy a couple of civil war vets decided to wake up Lincoln on the fourth of July.  They loaded the cannon and fired it.  Then they decided to fire it again.  Apparently they either failed to sponge the barrel or they didn't do it very well, and it went off.  One of the vets lost an arm in the process.  I think this is factual as Dad told me the names of the vets, but of course I forgotten them.  Next time I'm in the Lincoln library I'll research this story and write up a piece for you."
 

13.19:  Civil War Cannon

(Leigh Henson photo 12-01)
 

13.20:  Stan Stringer Photo of Civil War Cannon

Respond to Stan Stringer at sstringer@cox.net.
 

Indian Mother Statue

     On October 26, 1906, a statue of an Indian maiden [now referred to as Indian mother] and her child was dedicated through the efforts of the Lincoln Woman's Club.  Dooley's The Namesake Town also credits the "school children of Logan County" (p. 55).  This statue was created by Charles Mulligan, who designed the Illinois memorial at Vicksburg.  The Indian mother statue is fashioned from Tennessee pink marble, the kind of stone that also lines the corridor walls of the Courthouse.  The pink tint of the stone is noticeable in the photo at the right.

     The sculpture was conceived to be "functional and useful as a fountain for people. . . and additionally so with a lower trough for pets.  It was educational, as the Indian maiden was intended to remind us we are a nation of many people, including the Indians who were here first.  Additionally, the statue commemorates Abraham Lincoln with the inscription "of the people, by the people, for the people. . . ." (lincolndailynews.com, October 29, 2001).
 

 


13.21: Indian Mother Statue

(Leigh Henson photo 12-01)
 

     In 2001, Lincolnites funded the renovation of the statue by David Seagraves.  His work included restoration of the right hand and water jug that had been damaged in the 1940s.

     The statue was originally placed on the west lawn.  After the renovation, the statue was relocated to the south lawn and rededicated on October 26, 2001, exactly 95 years after its original dedication.  This statue stands as a magnificent symbol of civic pride.
 

13.22:  Profile View of Indian Mother and Child

     (Click image for larger version.  Photo from ILLINOIS Magazine, Vol. 17, No. 1, 1978, p. 3)
 

13.23: Shining Face of a Contented Papoose
 

The Courthouse:  Where Patriots Rally

     History provides numerous photos that show patriotic activities on the Logan County Courthouse Square. 

     Paul E. Beaver's History of Logan County, 1982 presents a photo (p. 137) of Logan County Civil War veterans on the Courthouse Square with the Civil War soldier statue in the background.  Mr. Beaver suggests the event may be a July 4th celebration in the 1880s.

     Paul Beaver's book also presents a photo titled "March 5, 1918 -- Logan County Boys Departing for Camp Green, North Carolina" (p. 10).  The photo shows uniformed soldiers standing rank and file on Broadway Street facing the courthouse.

     Paul Gleason's Lincoln:  A Pictorial History contains a section titled "Lincoln and the Wars," which offers three photos of the World War I homecoming parade and celebratory picnic in Brainerd Park (pp. 100-102).  There also is a photo of a war bond float from the Christmas parade of "circa 1943." 

     Professor Beaver's 1982 history shows a picture of "World War II draftees at Lincoln Courthouse [on entrance steps] before boarding train" (p. 17).
 




13.24:  Celebrating the End of World War I on the Logan County Courthouse Square

     (Photo from Paul Gleason, Lincoln:  A Pictorial History, p. 101.  View is from the northwest corner of the Square.  The Civil War soldier statue is visible at the right corner of the Courthouse. Citizens are visible in the balcony and in the windows).   
 

World War II Draftees with "White Lincoln" Statue in Rotunda of Logan County Courthouse

13.25:  Darold Henson Among First 1944 Logan County Illinois Draftees

(Undated Lincoln Courier photo owned by Darold and Judy Henson)

     The draftees came from various towns around the county.  The caption of the photo names the draftees by such groups as volunteers, fathers, and non-fathers, but does not identify the subjects by row and order.  Darold Henson is at the far left of the row of standing subjects.  Others in the standing row, from left to right, are Ralph Newberry (#2), Joe Carr (#4), Ward Dowling (#5), Gwen Wright (#6), Robert Lee (#10), Bailey Elkins (#11), and Harry Mahan of Middletown (#15).

     Access the story of Darold's service in WW II:  A Tribute to Lincolnite Edward Darold Henson, World War II U.S. Army Veteran of the Battles for Normandy and the Hedgerows, Brittany and Brest, and the Ardennes (Battle of the Bulge). Without his service and that of others in the Greatest Generation, this Web site would have never been possible.

     The above photo shows the 1944 draftees standing in front of a white plaster statue of Abraham Lincoln. This statue was subsequently painted, as seen in the photo below. For additional information about this statue and its sculptor, scroll down on this page to Original Copy of Gettysburg Address Exhibited at the Logan County Courthouse.
 

Logan County Courthouse Interior Views

13.26: Lincoln Statue from Balcony

(photo courtesy of Pat Hartman, 2001)
 

13.27: Mosaic of the State Seal of Illinois on First Floor Beneath the Great Dome

(photo courtesy of Pat Hartman, 2001)
 

13.28: Dome View with Lincoln Portrait in Corner

(photo courtesy of Pat Hartman,2001)

     "The rotunda, which is continued to the roof of the third floor, is covered with a dome of colored glass, which admits natural light during the day and the artificial light of electricity after the fall of darkness, there being a series of electric arc lights over the glass dome. Just under the edge of the glass dome surmounting the rotunda, are eight separate paintings of subjects, all more or less connected with the origin, growth and welfare of the count of Logan." (Stringer, p. 241). The artist(s) are unnamed in Stringer's history.
 

13.29: Detail of Lincoln Portrait

(photo courtesy of Pat Hartman, 2001)
 

13.30: Mural Below Dome Showing the Second Logan County Courthouse on this Site

(Photo courtesy of Pat Hartman, 2001)
 

13.31: Circuit Court Judge Gerald Dehner (retired)

(In the painting, at left is Lady Law; at right is Lady Justice, blindfolded and holding the scale.)

     The above photo is from the Lincoln Courier in a 1998 article on the retirement of Circuit Court Judge Gerald Dehner, LCHS noble Class of 1960.  The painting description is from Logan County Courthouse Lincoln, Illinois, Abraham Lincoln Tourism Bureau of Logan County.
 

Original Copy of Gettysburg Address Exhibited at the Logan County Courthouse

13.32:  "White Lincoln" Statue and Traveling Exhibit of the Original Gettysburg Address in
the Rotunda of the Logan County Courthouse, 1944

     Photo from the WLS Family Album, 1944 (p. 30), published by Prairie Farmer. The photo depicts WLS's Dinnerbell program broadcasting the opening ceremonies of the exhibit while it was briefly in Lincoln. The exhibit was arranged by Vernon L. Nickell, fourth from the right (not counting Mr. Lincoln). Nickell was the Illinois Superintendent of Public Instruction for many years at mid-twentieth century. Other dignitaries include E.H. Lukenbill (third from left), long-time Logan County Superintendent of Schools and student of Abraham Lincoln; Harry O. Augspurger (fourth from left), long-time superintendent of the elementary grade school system in Lincoln; and W.C. Handlin (seventh from left), long-time and legendary principal of Lincoln Community High School. To the right of the microphone is Arthur C. Page, associate editor of Prairie Farmer. The man standing next to the state trooper is Daniel Franklin ("D.F.") Nickols, Sr., who was a Logan County Superintendent of Schools and co-author, along with Kunigunde Duncan, of Mentor Graham: The Man Who Taught Lincoln (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1944). The African-American and the man at the left of the microphone are unidentified.

     My speculation is that the copy of the Gettysburg Address shown in the above photo is the third of five known copies, and the photo may show it en route to its permanent home in Springfield, Illinois, as suggested by the following:

     Excerpt above from Edward Steers, Jr., Lincoln Legends: Myths, Hoaxes, and Confabulations Associated with Our Greatest President (University of Kentucky Press, 2007), p. 117.

     The above photo shows the impressive "white Lincoln" plaster statue of Abraham Lincoln that "was dedicated on June 21, 1939, and was a gift of the Lincoln Rotary and Kiwanis clubs" (Gleason, Lincoln:  A Pictorial History, p. 173). A photo of this statue in Mr. Gleason's book on page 15 is in black and white, but clearly indicates that the statue had been painted at some point, as shown by Pat Hartman's color photo above (13.25). The caption of the photo of this statue in Mr. Gleason's book on page 15 says "the sculptor was Max Bachman, and originally the statue was white. The body was a duplicate [replica] of St. Gaudens' statue of Lincoln located in Lincoln Park, Chicago." Max Bachman (1862--1921) was an American architectural sculptor (stone carver vs. stone cutter).

     Carl Volkman notes that Saint-Gaudens "was the first sculptor to use the life mask of Lincoln and the casts of his hands made by Leonard Volk before Lincoln became president." The use of Leonard Volk's casts has special significance for Lincoln, Illinois, because Volk said he first met Abraham Lincoln in July of 1858 outside the Lincoln House [hotel] in Lincoln, Illinois, and obtained Lincoln's agreement to pose for the casts at a later time.
 

     Abraham Lincoln's law partner, William H. Herndon, wrote that the St. Gaudens' statue was the most realistic he had seen in capturing Lincoln's stance while speaking:

     "Unlike many other speakers, he [Lincoln] did not pace back and forth on the platform or lean on the lectern; instead, as Herndon said, 'he stood square on his feet, with both of his legs straight up and down, toe even with toe.'  . . . He was a little awkward at the outset, and initially his voice was 'sharp -- shrill piping and squeaky.'  Once he was underway, the pitch of his voice lowered and 'became harmonious -- melodious -- musical.'  He nearly always held his hands behind his back when he began a speech, the left hand grasped in the palm of the right, but as he proceeded, would bring his hands forward, often holding the left lapel of his coat with his left hand while leaving the right hand free to emphasize his points [emphasis Henson's].  He did not gesture much  with his hands, however, and mostly emphasized his points with a jerk and snap of his head.  But occasionally he would stretch out his long right arm and his bony forefinger to drive an idea home, and at moments of great inspiration he would 'raise both hands toward heaven at an angle of about 50 degrees, generally the palms up'"

     "The designer of the monument recently erected in Chicago has happily caught him in just this attitude. As he proceeded with his speech, the exercise of his vocal organs altered somewhat the tone of his voice. It lost in a measure its former acute shrilling pitch, and mellowed into a more harmonious and pleasant sound. His form expanded, and, notwithstanding the sunken breast, he rose up a splendid and imposing figure. In his defence of the Declaration of Independence--his greatest inspiration--he was tremendous in the directness of his utterances; he rose to impassioned eloquence, unsurpassed by Patrick Henry. . . . His little gray eyes flashed in a face aglow with the fire of his profound thoughts; and his uneasy movements and diffident manner sunk themselves beneath the wave of righteous indignation that came sweeping over him. Such was Lincoln the orator" (William H. Herndon and Jesse W. Weik, Herndon's Lincoln, eds., Douglas L. Wilson and Rodney O. Davis [Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 2006], 248--249).

     Lincoln's tomb in Springfield has a bronze replica of the St. Gaudens' statue. A full-length, seven-foot bronze version of the St. Gaudens' Lincoln statue with the head sculpted by Max Bachman is located in the Victory Neighborhood of Minneapolis, Minnesota.
 

The Logan County Courthouse in Art

13.33:  Christmas Tree Ornament
 

13.34:  Paul Norton Watercolor
 

More Picture Postcards of the Logan County Courthouse

13.35:  Undated Southwest Corner View
 

13.36:  Northwest Corner View (1950s?)
 



13.37:  Picture Postcard of the Late 1910s (southwest corner) Showing Civil War Statue (left), the
Indian Mother Statue (left), Five-Globed Lights, the IOOF Building (right), and Vehicles

     The postcard artist has colored the streets green (Lincoln's streets paved with money then?).  A black-and-white version of this photo appears in Fish, Illustrated Lincoln, 1916, and is attributed to A.B. Bliss.
 

     For additional information about this historic area in this Web site, see

14. Route 66 Map with 51 Sites in the Business & Courthouse Square Historic District, Including Locations of Historical Markers (on the National Register of Historic Places)

15. Vintage Scenes of the Business & Courthouse Square Historic District
 

Memoir of the Logan County Courthouse

     Like other locals, I visited the Courthouse for such routine business as renewing my driver's license.  At one time, some of my high school classmates and I even had a tour that included the circuit court courtroom.  Seems I recall at least one of those classmates is a member of the LCHS alums' email list.  I wonder if he recalls more of the tour than I do.  Each time I was in this building, I was impressed with its grandeur.

     My most memorable visit occurred during Christmastime of 1962 or 1963.  Then, LCHS Class of 1960 classmates Gerry Dehner and Thom Zimmerman and I got together.  Thom's dad, Ken Zimmerman, was the sheriff of Logan County.  Thom got the keys to the Courthouse, and the three of us went to the circuit court library on the third floor to study.  The fine oak woodwork and bookcases filled with legal tomes created a serious atmosphere that allowed us to read quietly for at least two hours. 

     I wonder if during that time Dehner imagined that he would become a circuit court judge presiding in the next room or Zimmerman dreamed he would become the renowned ophthalmologist that he became.  At that time, I had expected to become an English teacher, but I certainly did not imagine where or how my career would go.
 

Sources Cited and Suggested

     Abraham Lincoln Tourism Bureau of Logan County.  Logan County Courthouse Lincoln, Illinois. No place or date of publication.

     A Tribute to Lincolnite Edward Darold Henson, World War II U.S. Army Veteran of the Battles for Normandy and the Hedgerows, Brittany and Brest, and the Ardennes (Battle of the Bulge): http://findinglincolnillinois.com/daroldhensonWWII.html

     Beaver, Paul J.  History of Logan County Illinois 1982.  Dallas, TX:  the Logan County Heritage Foundation and the Taylor Publishing Company, 1982.

     Dooley, Raymond, ed.  The Namesake Town:  A Centennial History of Lincoln, Illinois. Lincoln, IL:  Feldman's Print Shop, 1953.

     Fish, Henry R. Illustrated Lincoln.  Lincoln, IL:  The Star Publishing, Co., 1916.

     Gleason, Paul E. Lincoln, Illinois:  A Pictorial History.  St. Louis, MO:  G. Bradley Publishing, 1998. Material from Mr. Gleason's books is copyrighted with all rights reserved.  Mr. Gleason's material used in this Web site is with permission from the G. Bradley Publishing Company, 461 Des Peres Road, St. Louis, MO 63131. Call 1-800-966-5120 to inquire about purchasing Lincoln, Illinois:  A Pictorial History (1998) (200 pages of rare photos and text) or Logan County Pictorial History (2000) (also 200 pages of rare photos and text).  Visit  http://gbradleypublishing.com/.

     Illinois Historic Preservation Agency Web site:  www.state.il.us/hpa/ps/ (accessed 1-15-2002)

     ILLINOIS Magazine, Vol. 17, No. 1, 1978, p. 3.

     "Indian Statue Rededicated."  From http://lincolndailynews.com story of October 29, 2001.

"Judge Dehner to Leave Bench at Term's End."  (Lincoln) Courier. 1998 (exact date unknown)

     Lincoln/Logan County Chamber of Commerce Community Profile & Membership Directory.  Selected images and text used in this Web site are courtesy of Village Profile.com, Inc., 33 N. Geneva Street, Elgin, IL 60120.  Please visit the Web site of this remarkable company at http://www.villageprofile.com.

     National Register of Historic Places Web site:  http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/

     Stringer, Lawrence B. History of Logan County, Illinois (1911).  Evansville, IN: Unigraph, Inc.,  1978.

     WLS Family Album, 1944.  Chicago, IL:  The Prairie Farmer Publishing Company, 1944.

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     Email comments, corrections, questions, or suggestions. 
Also please email me if this Web site helps you decide to visit Lincoln, Illinois: DLHenson@missouristate.edu.
 

"The Past Is But the Prelude"

The founding fathers of this town asked their attorney, Abraham Lincoln, for permission to name this new community after him, and he agreed.  On the first day lots were publicly sold--August 27, 1853--, Abraham Lincoln, near the site of the train depot, used watermelon juice to christen the town as Lincoln, Illinois.  It thus became the first town named for Abraham Lincoln before he became famous.