A Long-Range Plan to Brand the First Lincoln
Namesake City as the Second City of Abraham Lincoln Statues
Lincoln Bicentennial Celebration in Lincoln, Illinois
Abraham Lincoln and the Historic Postville
including a William Maxwell connection to the Postville Courthouse
About Henry Ford and the Postville Courthouse,
the Story of the Postville Courthouse Replica,
Tantivy, & the Postville Park
Neighborhood in the
Route 66 Era
The Rise of Abraham Lincoln and His History and
Heritage in His First Namesake Town,
also the founding of Lincoln College, the plot to steal Lincoln's
body, and memories of Lincoln College and the Rustic Tavern-Inn
Introduction to the Social & Economic History of
including poetry by William Childress & commentary by Federal Judge
Bob Goebel & Illinois Appellate Court Judge Jim Knecht
"Social Consciousness in William Maxwell's
Writings Based on Lincoln, Illinois" (an article published in the
Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, winter 2005-06)
Peeking Behind the Wizard's Screen: William
Maxwell's Literary Art as Revealed by a Study of the Black Characters in
Billie Dyer and Other Stories
Introduction to the Railroad & Route 66 Heritage
of Lincoln, Illinois
The Living Railroad Heritage of Lincoln, Illinois:
on Track as a Symbol of the "Usable Past"
Route 66 Overview Map of Lincoln with 42 Sites,
Descriptions, & Photos
The Hensons of Business Route 66
The Wilsons of Business
Route 66, including the Wilson Grocery & Shell
Route 66 Map & Photos Showing Lincoln Memorial
(former Chautauqua site),
the Historic Cemeteries, & Nearby Sites
Route 66 Map & Photos Showing Salt Creek &
the highway bridges, GM&O bridge, Madigan State Park, the old dam (with
photos & Leigh's memoir of "shooting the rapids" over the old dam), &
the Ernie Edwards' Pig-Hip Restaurant Museum in Broadwell
The Historic Logan County Courthouse, Past &
Route 66 Map with 51 Sites in the Business &
Courthouse Square Historic District,
including locations of historical markers
(on the National Register of Historic Places)
Vintage Scenes of the Business & Courthouse Square
The Foley House: A
Monument to Civic Leadership
(on the National Register of
the Route 66 Era
Arts & Entertainment Heritage,
the Lincoln Theatre Roy Rogers' Riders Club of the
Cars, Trucks & Gas Stations of the Route 66 Era
Churches, including the hometown
churches of Author William Maxwell & Theologian Reinhold Niebuhr
Factories, Past and Present
Food Stores of
the Route 66 Era
Hospitals, Past and Present
Hotels & Restaurants of the Railroad & Route 66
Lincoln Developmental Center
(Lincoln State School & Colony in
the Route 66 era), plus
debunking the myth of
Lincoln, Illinois, choosing the Asylum over the University of Illinois
Mining Coal, Limestone, & Sand & Gravel; Lincoln Lakes; & Utilities
Museums & Parks, including the Lincoln College
Museum and its Abraham Lincoln Collection, plus the Heritage-in-Flight
News Media in the Route 66 Era
The Odd Fellows' Children's Home
Memories of the 1900 Lincoln Community High School,
including Fred Blanford's dramatic account of the lost marble
fountain of youth
A Tribute to the Historians and Advocates of
Watering Holes of the Route 66 Era
The Historic 1953 Centennial Celebration of
The Festive 2003 Sesqui-centennial Celebration of
Lincoln, Illinois, including photos of LCHS Class of 1960
dignitaries & the Blanfords
Why Did the State Police Raid Lincoln, Illinois,
on October 11, 1950?
The Gambling Raids in Lincoln and Logan County,
During the Late Route 66 Era (1950-1960)
in this section tell about Leigh Henson's Lincoln years, moving away,
revisits, and career:
About Lincoln, Illinois;
This Web Site; & Me
A Tribute to Lincolnite Edward Darold
Henson: World War II U.S. Army Veteran of the Battles for Normandy and
the Hedgerows; Brittany and Brest; and the Ardennes (Battle of the
For Remembrance, Understanding, & Fun: Lincoln
Community High School Mid-20th-Century Alums' Internet Community
(a Web site and
email exchange devoted to collaborative memoir and the sharing of photos
related to Lincoln, Illinois)
Leigh Henson's Pilgrimage to Lincoln, Illinois, on
July 12, 2001
Review of Dr. Burkhardt's William Maxwell Biography
Leigh Henson's Review of Ernie Edwards' biography,
Pig-Hips on Route 66, by William Kaszynski
Leigh Henson's Review of Jan Schumacher's
Glimpses of Lincoln, Illinois
Teach Local Authors: Considering the Literature of
Web Site About
Leigh Henson's Professional Life
in this section are about the writing, memorabilia, and Web sites of
A Tribute to Bill and Phyllis Stigall:
Exemplary Faculty of Lincoln College at Mid-Twentieth Century
A Tribute to the Krotzes of Lincoln, Illinois
A Tribute to Robert Wilson (LCHS '46): Author of
Young in Illinois, Movies Editor of December Magazine,
Friend and Colleague of December Press Publisher Curt Johnson, and
Correspondent with William Maxwell
Brad Dye (LCHS '60): His Lincoln, Illinois, Web
including photos of many churches
Dave Armbrust's Memorabilia of Lincoln, Illinois
Fikuarts of Lincoln, Illinois, including their
connections to the William Maxwell family and three generations of
family fun at Lincoln Lakes
Jerry Gibson (LCHS '60): Lincoln, Illinois,
Memoirs & Other Stories
Dave Johnson (LCHS '56): His Web Site for the
Lincoln Community High School Class of 1956
Sportswriter David Kindred: Memoir of His
Grandmother Lena & Her West Side Tavern on Sangamon Street in the Route
Judge Jim Knecht
(LCHS '62): Memoir and Short Story, "Other People's Money," Set in
Hickey's Billiards on Chicago Street in the Route 66 Era
William A. "Bill" Krueger (LCHS '52): Information
for His Books About Murders in Lincoln
Norm Schroeder (LCHS '60): Short Stories
Stan Stringer Writes About His Family, Mark
Holland, and Lincoln, Illinois
Thomas Walsh: Anecdotes Relating to This Legendary
Attorney from Lincoln by Attorney Fred Blanford & Judge Jim Knecht
Leon Zeter (LCHS '53): His Web Site for the
Lincoln Community High School Class of 1953,
including announcements of LCHS class reunions
(Post yours there.)
Highway Sign of
The Route 66
Association of Illinois
State Historical Society
Marquee Lights of the Lincoln Theatre, est. 1923, Lincoln, Illinois
1953 City Centennial Logo
City Sesquicentennial Logo
The Abraham Lincoln
Bicentennial Commission of
Celebrating Abe's 200th Birthday in His First Namesake City,
The First to Live the Legacy
Founding of the Commission
Formed by official proclamation:
City of Lincoln Establishes Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission"
(ALBCLI), July of 2006 (LincolnDailyNews.com). This
Web page has been developed by Leigh Henson with approval and
information from Ron Keller, Co-chair of this Commission.
Endorsements at the National and State
The re-enactment of the 1858 Abraham Lincoln rally and speech in
Lincoln, Illinois, scheduled for October 16, 2008, is endorsed by
[National] Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission and by
the Illinois Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission.
News and Announcements (scroll down for meeting dates, agendas, and minutes)
April 22, 2009:
the Pekin Daily Times (4-16-09) (JPG) about Henson's article in
the Lincoln Bicentennial issue of the Journal of the Illinois State
Historical Society. (You may have to click on the JPG for a readable
size.) Courtesy of Linda Cooper Wolters, Lincoln Community High School Noble
Class of 1960.
March 30, 2009:
Henson's review of the special Lincoln Bicentennial issue of the Journal
of the Illinois State Historical Society. This double, book-length
issue (213 pages) includes his article titled "Lincoln at Lincoln: Abraham
Lincoln Rallies Logan County, Illinois, in His First Namesake Town on
October 16, 1858." Also, access
the cover of this issue, the table of contents, the editor's page, the first
two pages of "Lincoln at Lincoln," biographical sketches of the authors, and
more information about the Society, including membership application form
(PDF: view at 150% for best
March 8, 2009:
Leigh Henson proudly displays
award he received from Main Street Lincoln, IL, with special gratitude
to Paul Beaver and Wanda Lee Rohlfs.
March 5, 2009:
Google video publication of the
re-enactment of Abraham Lincoln's political rally and speech in his first
namesake town on October 16, 1858,
the day after the last Lincoln-Douglas Debate in Alton. This re-enactment
was held at the original site (west lawn of the Logan County Courthouse) on
October 16, 2008 (the sesquicentennial anniversary of the rally). This event
was produced by the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission of Lincoln,
Illinois. The re-enactment video was published on Google by Leigh Henson,
and this video is the work of his sister-in-law and former student at Pekin
Community High School, Caryl Schlicher. Another video version of this event
with higher resolution and showing more scenes and
providing more production information is available at Main Street Lincoln,
109 South Kickapoo Street, Lincoln, Illinois.
February 8, 2009:
at 100 at Lincoln: The Abraham Lincoln Centennial Celebration (1909) in His
First Namesake Town" (PDF). A study of the planners, honorees,
other special guests, and
speakers at this event provides insight into the social structure, the local
Abraham Lincoln heritage, and other culture of this small Midwestern town at the beginning of the 20th century.
a one-page summary of this chapter (PDF) that appeared in the Lincoln
Courier on Feb. 14, 2009. This summary is suitable for printing.
January 30, 2009:
Unveiling of "Lincoln in Lincoln," a large painting of Abraham Lincoln's
"monster" rally and speech on the Logan County Courthouse steps, October 16,
1858. For information, access reports of the Courier and
January 24, 2009:
Schedule of Events for the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Birthday Observance
at Postville Courthouse State Historic Site (Feb. 7, 2009) (PDF).
Courtesy of Ms. Shirley R. Bartelmay, Coordinator of the Postville
Courthouse State Historic Site.
January 12, 2009: Leigh Henson's
Footnote to Paul Beaver's Award as the Courier's Citizen of the Year
for 2008" (PDF).
January 5, 2009:
Newspaper reports on plans for the Abraham Lincoln
centennial birthday celebration (1909) in his first namesake town
(PDF). Reports provided at Leigh Henson's request courtesy of Richard
Sumrall, director of the Lincoln Public Library, and employee Joyce Sutz. (Note:
the readability of the PDF is reduced because these documents were printed
from microfilm--the only way they could be reproduced and published here.
Enlarging the PDF file to 200%, however, will help to solve the readability
problem.) When you access the above link to the newspaper accounts,
be sure to read the article titled "Abe Lincoln Table" in the Lincoln
Daily Courier of 2-3-1909.
November 15, 2008: Leigh Henson's article
(13,000+ words) on the research process he conducted as the basis for composing the play script of "Mr. Lincoln
Rallies Logan County, Illinois, in 1858" is accepted for publication in the
Journal of the Illinois Historical Society (refereed).
titled "Lincoln at Lincoln," will appear in a special 2009 issue focusing on
the Lincoln bicentennial.
The Illinois State Historical Society is a non-profit organization dedicated
to advancing history research and education. Its Journal is a major
print publication and is refereed, meaning that article submissions are sent
to professional historians for anonymous review. Articles are accepted or
rejected based on these reviews. Subscribers to this journal include
professional historians, professors and other teachers, individuals from
many other professions and the business community, libraries, and museums.
Henson offers special thanks to two members of the Abraham Lincoln
Bicentennial Commission of Lincoln, Illinois, for their contributions of
research cited in the article: Mr. Richard Sumrall, who located U.S. census
information indicating that in 1860 Logan County included black residents,
and Professor Ron Keller, who located letters written by Attorney Samuel C.
Parks in his efforts to get Abraham Lincoln to speak at Lincoln.
October 29, 2008:
Proposal for Lincoln statue in his first namesake city (PDF).
October 22, 2008: The Abraham
Lincoln Republican rally and speech of October 16, 1858, was re-enacted
exactly 150 years after the original event and in the same location on the
Logan County Courthouse west lawn. As my wife, Pat Hartman, and I traveled
to Lincoln on October 15 to participate in the re-enactment, we visited
Atlton, Illinois, where the seventh and last Lincoln-Douglas debate had
occurred exactly 150 years ago on that October day. Re-enactment of the
Alton debate was scheduled for the weekend beginning October 17, 2008 (http://www.visitalton.com/story.cfm?id=155).
At the Alton debate site park on October 15, we found no other
visitors--only the statues of the debaters. Access my slideshow of the Alton
debate statues at
Perhaps some day the citizens of Lincoln and Logan County, Illinois, will
see fit to raise enough money to commission an Abraham Lincoln statue to
commemorate his first namesake city speech of October 16, 1858.
By all indications, the 1858
first Lincoln namesake city rally and speech re-enactment was a great
success, thanks to the enthusiastic, effective work of countless people
directed by Professor Ron Keller and Alderman Wanda Lee Rohlfs. The
post-speech rally song sung by Tim Searby and the rousing speech by
Professor Brian Messner wonderfully complemented the script I had written.
I was especially gratified to see so many students in attendance, to visit
with historian Paul Beaver, and to meet Guy Fraker, Bloomington lawyer and
expert on Abraham Lincoln and the Eighth Judicial Circuit that Lincoln and
Judge Davis of Bloomington traveled. Counselor Fraker praised the
re-enactment when he said the production "nailed it." Access
of the 1858 Lincoln, Illinois, rally-speech re-enactment (PDF). Access a
slideshow of the Lincoln, Illinois, rally-speech re-enactment:
I was quite pleased to
see several LCHS alums, including Pat and Gary Freese. Some came from out of town to experience the
re-enactment, including Dave Johnson from Pekin (the Celestial City, where I
taught high school English for 30 years) and Jerry Gibson from South Elgin.
Read Jerry's letter of appreciation at
Other LCHS members of the noble Class of 1960 who attended and who live in
Lincoln included Jon Diers and Dave Armbrust. My friend the distinguished
Professor Joe Webb (LCHS noble class of 1960 salutatorian) from Earl, North
Carolina, wanted to attend, but inauspicious circumstances disallowed it. I
was delighted to meet the legendary Lincolnite octogenarian LCHS alum Bill
Gossett and his much younger and beautiful, charming bride. Sadly, two hours
before the re-enactment my wife and I attended the funeral of my good friend
and community history collaborator Lincoln Attorney Fred Blanford, LCHS
Class of 1959. At the funeral I saw classmate Jim Benner, a pallbearer.
Hometown roots run deep.
Central Illinois media
covered the re-enactment. Professor Brian Messner provides the following
link to video coverage:
The Bloomington Pantagraph's October 17
story is accessible only by purchase, but the online Courier article
by Joshua Niziolkiewicz is available at
and LincolnDailyNews.com coverage
by Mike Fak is available at
with more LDN photos by Jan Youngquist available at
September 6, 2008: Central
Illinois costume stores for inquiries about renting period costumes
(PDF) (courtesy of Richard Sumrall) for the re-enactment of Mr. Lincoln's
1858 namesake town rally-speech.
Lincoln's 1858 namesake town rally-speech re-enactment promotional flyer
developed by Ron Keller with input from others on the Commission. This flyer is sized for full-page printing. Feel free to
print and distribute this flyer or email it as an attachment to anyone who
might be interested in attending the rally-speech re-enactment.
Access the complete script of the one-act play titled
"Mr. Lincoln Rallies Logan County, Illinois, in 1858" (PDF) that Leigh
Henson wrote for his hometown Lincoln Bicentennial Commission.
Leigh Henson's article titled "Max Bachman's Lincolns" (2,000 words) has
been accepted for publication in Illinois Heritage, the magazine of
the Illinois State Historical Society. Bachman created busts and statues of
Abraham Lincoln, including
the 7-foot statue of Abraham Lincoln in the rotunda of the Logan County Courthouse
(access link for more information and photos).
Because of the magazine's publishing schedule, the article will not
appear until early in 2009. Yet, the publication will provide
publicity for the first Lincoln namesake town and its Lincoln bicentennial
Also, completion is near of a more substantial
article (13,000 words) explaining the research and composition of the
one-act, historical play titled "Mr. Lincoln Rallies Logan County, Illinois,
in 1858." The article, which will have a link to this Web page, will be
submitted to one of the two major academic journals specializing in Illinois
history. These are refereed journals, meaning that publication will depend
on review and approval by credentialed experts.
Making History in
Lincoln, Illinois, by Re-enacting It (press release)
16, 2008, at 1:00 p.m., Logan County, Illinois, and its seat of Lincoln--the
first namesake town--, will make history by re-enacting their most
significant historic political event as part of their Abraham Lincoln
bicentennial celebration. The event being re-enacted--for the first
time--was a county-wide Republican rally and speech by Abraham Lincoln that
he made the very day after the last Lincoln-Douglas debate in Alton. The
re-enactment will take place on the west lawn of the Logan County
Courthouse--the site of the original rally-speech, attended by 5,000 people
from throughout central Illinois, including Springfield and Bloomington.
There have been many re-enactments of the 1858
Lincoln-Douglas debates, but a search of the Web suggests
there has never been a full re-enactment of one of Abraham Lincoln's 1858
political rallies and stump speeches.
During the 1858 Senate race, both Lincoln and Douglas spoke in dozens of
central Illinois communities--ranging from Oquawka west (on the Mississippi
River) to Danville on the eastern side of the state. These rallies and stump
speeches occurred before, during, and after the debates. Central Illinois
communities were crucial in this campaign because they were home to many
former Whigs, whose votes were most in contention. Historians acknowledge
these facts but have emphasized the debates and not fully discussed the
A main reason
no such re-enactment has been attempted is the very limited number of
accounts of Lincoln's
1858 stump speeches. Newspaper accounts for
Lincoln's 1858 political speeches in the larger cities of Chicago,
Bloomington, and Springfield are much more detailed than for his rallies and
stump speeches in such smaller towns as Lincoln, Illinois. Newspaper
accounts of these events in smaller towns are short, either very briefly
indicating something Lincoln said or merely describing the audience and its
behavior. Another reason no such
re-enactment has been attempted is that recruiting and directing a cast of
dozens (perhaps hundreds) of people dressed in period costume, some with
horse-pulled wagons and carriages--in the center of town--, presents unusual
Through research, Leigh Henson, professor emeritus
of English at Missouri State University and a native of Lincoln, Illinois,
has created a play script for
a re-enactment of Abraham Lincoln's first namesake town rally and speech of
1858 that includes who the audience was, how it behaved, and what Mr.
Lincoln might have said, including his interaction with members of the
When the beardless Mr. Lincoln, age 49, spoke at Lincoln in 1858, he had
completed the debates and most of his stump speeches in that campaign and
had thus experienced most of the questions and the positive and negative
reactions he was likely to encounter from the audience. During the speech in
the play, Mr. Lincoln responds to questions and comments from a Democratic
spectator, a Republican spectator, and a Whig spectator. The speech combines
humorous stories attributed to Lincoln--including jokes intended to "skin"
"The Little Giant"-- and the main arguments that Lincoln used against
slavery and Douglas.
People throughout Logan County have been invited to attend the re-enactment
in period costume and carry banners with slogans described in the accounts
of the event published in the Chicago Press & Tribune, the
Springfield Illinois State Journal, and the Bloomington Daily
Lincoln--a man with a sizable ego--would have been strongly motivated by
this opportunity in his very own namesake town to answer Douglas's speech
under a circus tent in Lincoln, Illinois, of September 4th that year--while
Mr. Lincoln sat silently in the audience. Abe's re-enactment
speech attempts to show him thrusting his rhetorical rapier to puncture and
deflate his pompous political rival--a memorable "October surprise!"
The election results brought Lincoln quite close to the Senate seat he
had so long coveted and work for. As Allen C. Guelzo notes, "some of the
Whig Belt districts fell to Douglas by maddeningly narrow margins," and an obsolete apportionment gave Democrats
an unfair advantage (Lincoln
and Douglas, pp. 284--286). In Logan County, the Republicans won "by 141, but lost
the representative district in losing Macon County by 216 votes. . ." (King,
Lincoln's Manager, p. 342). Mr. Lincoln's 1858 stump speech at
Lincoln surely must have given him a measure of satisfaction and proof of
his growing rhetorical powers that would in the next two years advance him
to the Presidency.
Thus, the re-enactment of this event planned for October 16, 2008, in
Lincoln, Illinois, on the west lawn of the Logan County Courthouse promises
to be an historic event itself; and its entertainment appeal and educational
value should inspire more interest in the life, times, and legacy of Abraham
Lincoln. Elementary, secondary, and college students will attend this event. Access the complete
script of the one-act play titled
"Mr. Lincoln Rallies Logan County, Illinois, in 1858" (PDF).
More about the research and writing of this play is explained later on this
Members (current and
Elizabeth Davis-Kavelman, Mayor
of Lincoln, Illinois, and
Commission Co-chair (email@example.com;
217-735-5050, ext. 295). Lincoln College Museum Director and member of the Lincoln Bicentennial Commission (national) and the
Illinois Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission
former Executive Director of the
Lincoln/Logan County Chamber of Commerce
Director of the
Postville Courthouse Historic Site
Paul Beaver, Lincoln historian and Professor Emeritus of History, Lincoln
Logan County Railsplitter Association
co-organizer and spokesman for the Heritage Days Festival
Paul Gleason, Logan County historian and educator
John Hutchinson, President
Geoff Ladd, Executive Director of the Abraham Lincoln Tourism Bureau of Logan County
Professor of History, Lincoln Christian College and Seminary
Erika Nunamaker Holst,
research specialist at
The Papers of Abraham Lincoln
Charles Ott, veteran Lincoln presenter and honorary Commission member
Lincoln Christian College and Seminary
Wanda Lee Rohlfs,
Executive Director of
Main Street Lincoln, member of the
Council, Ward #4
Director of the
Lincoln Public Library
U.S. Senator Richard Durbin
U.S. Senator Barack Obama
State Senator Bill Brady
State Senator Larry Bomke
State Representative Rich Brauer
State Representative Bill Mitchell
Ph.D. in English studies, native Lincolnite historian, and Professor Emeritus of English
at Missouri State University, Springfield
Mission, Goals, and Project Ideas
Events Calendar: 2008-2009
Bicentennial Commission of Lincoln, Illinois
Lincoln and Logan
County Kiosk: Information About the Lincoln Legacy
Tourists Jim and Linda Perry
from Rural Pasco, WA, Admire the Lincoln Legacy Kiosk
The kiosk provides information about Lincoln legacy sites and events in
Logan County and was developed by Main Street Lincoln. Funding for the kiosk
was obtained from the Illinois Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission as a
result of a grant written by Wanda Lee Rohlfs. See more information at
Dates, Agendas, and Minutes
Agenda for the Commission's meeting of Nov. 6, 2008
(PDF) (from Ron Keller)
Agenda for the Commission's meeting of Aug. 14,
2008 (PDF) (from Ron Keller)
Minutes of the meeting of July 10, 2008
(forthcoming, pending approval at the Aug. meeting)
Minutes of the meeting of June 6, 2008
(PDF) (from Ron Keller)
Minutes of the meeting of May 1, 2008
(PDF) (from Ron Keller)
Agenda for the Commission's
meeting of May 1, 2008 (PDF) (from Ron Keller)
Agenda for the Commission's meeting of April 3, 2008
(PDF) (from Ron Keller)
Minutes of the March 6, 2008, meeting of the
Commission (PDF) (from Ron Keller)
Painting of Lincoln Speech Will Be Kept Under Wraps
Minutes of the February 7, 2008, meeting of the
Commission (PDF) (from Ron Keller)
Agenda for the Commission's meeting
of March 6, 2008, 5 PM at the Lincoln City (PDF) from Ron
Celebrations Taking Shape" (lincolncourier.com)
Agenda for the Commission's meeting of February
7, 2008, 5 PM at the Lincoln City
Hall (PDF) (from Ron Keller)
Minutes of the January 30, 2008, meeting of the Commission's Committee on
the Restaging of the Rally-Speech (PDF) (from Ron
Minutes of the January 10, 2008, meeting
of the Commission
(PDF) (from Ron Keller)
Adds More Events Leading up to Celebration of Lincoln's 200th Birthday"
December 2007: 1.
Group Will Highlight Lincoln's Old Judicial Circuit"
to Get funding for Abe's 200th in '09:
Logan Tourism Bureau
forms Outreach Panel"
Discussion on funding (lincolncourier.com).
October, 2007: "Local
Abraham Lincoln Planners Meet,"
including information about a special painting to depict Abraham Lincoln
speaking in Lincoln, Illinois, on October 16, 1858 (LincolnDailyNews.com).
Accepted Proposals for the Historical
Marker to Commemorate Mr. Lincoln's Namesake Town Rally-Speech of October
16, 1858, and the Re-Enactment
fall of 2008, I submitted two proposals to the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial
Commission of Lincoln, Illinois: one proposal attempted to make a case for
erecting an historical marker to commemorate Abraham Lincoln's political
rally and speech on October 16, 1858 (the day after the last Lincoln-Douglas
debate in Alton, Illinois), and the other proposal attempted to make a case
for re-enacting that event. Most likely, Abraham
Lincoln returned to his first namesake town on October 16, 1858, as a way of
answering Douglas's speech there on September 4, 1858, when Mr. Lincoln sat
in the audience uninvited to respond. Coming as it did at the conclusion of
the Lincoln-Douglas debates, Mr. Lincoln's speech of October 16, 1858, in
his first namesake town surely was a most moving summary of his main points
in the various debates. Access more information about the rally-speech
am an amateur historian; a native of Lincoln, Illinois; and an honorary member of the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission of
Lincoln, Illinois. I am mainly interested in the social and
cultural history of Illinois, especially its literary history; the life and
times of Abraham Lincoln in Illinois; and the Lincolniana of his first
namesake town. I am also professor emeritus of English at Missouri State
University (the only university in Missouri with an explicit public affairs
its January 2008 meeting, the Commission indicated its intention to accept
these proposals as part of the many activities and events planned for the
first Lincoln namesake town's bicentennial celebration of Abraham Lincoln's
The Need of a Historical Marker for Mr. Lincoln's Rally and Speech of October 16, 1858
Lincoln, Illinois, needs a
marker commemorating Mr. Lincoln's 1858 namesake town speech to correspond
to the marker commemorating Douglas's 1858 political speech that was erected
there in 1964. The west lawn of the courthouse does have a Lincoln-related,
DAR-sponsored monument, but it has nothing to do with Mr. Lincoln's 1858
speech in Lincoln, Illinois.
Actually, this DAR monument is the least known and understood of
all historical markers in the town of Lincoln. This monument is hardly
mentioned, if at all, in the local tourism promotional literature. Of all
such monuments there, it is the smallest and nearly obscured from street
view by evergreen bushes. This monument is an upright granite cube standing
at about five feet and featuring a plaque with a raised bust image of
Abraham Lincoln. Beneath the raised image is the simple inscription:
"Abraham Lincoln traveled this way as he rode the circuit of the Eighth
Judicial District . . . 1847--1857. Erected 1921." Curiously, this monument was the work of Henry
Bacon, the architect who designed the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.,
and who nicknamed this monument "the little brother of the great Memorial."
historical marker essay-proposal published in the Lincoln Courier
on 11-17-07. Once the document opens, click it for a larger, more
Mock-up of Proposed 1858
Lincoln Speech Historical Marker
The Need for a Re-Enactment
of Mr. Lincoln's 1858 Rally-Speech in His First Namesake Town
The 1858 rally with Abe's speech was a major political
event attended by thousands from throughout central Illinois--truly a
"monster" rally, as an event of this magnitude was then called. In
1858, Lincoln, Illinois, was the county seat of Logan County. Most of the
re-enactment cast would be locals dressed in period costume to portray
dignitaries and ordinary citizens. This dramatization would be based on
facts in the published accounts of the rally and speech. There is no known
copy of Abe's speech, but a researcher-writer with knowledge of Abraham
Lincoln, local history, and playwriting could determine what Mr. Lincoln
might have said at that particular time and place.
Abe's rally attracted
groups of supporters from communities throughout Logan County. Before his
arrival, these groups
paraded in town, chanting their support for a politician who had become well
known and well liked in all of these places. When
Abe arrived by train from Springfield, he was met by thousands of enthusiastic supporters, a brass band, and a cannon blast.
The re-enactment would thus
give people young and old in such communities as Atlanta, Broadwell, Elkhart, Lincoln, Middletown,
and Mt. Pulaski the opportunity to participate in an unprecedented
celebration of the Great Man.
Lincoln's speech would
summarize his main points in the great debates and would feature interaction
with the audience. This give-and-take was typical of 19th-century
American political campaigns. Accordingly, the pageant would have both
serious and comic elements, and would vividly bring history to life.
The rally-speech re-enactment should excite and unite the
town and county in a common public affairs purpose. This
spectacle could attract many from near and far who would be entertained,
educated, and inspired to take more interest in history and the
The Illinois Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission may have more grant
money in 2008 that could be sought specifically for this pageant. The
pageant would bring national and international media attention as well as a
lot of tourist dollars. DVDs could be made and used later as part of this
area's arsenal for promoting heritage tourism.
The first Lincoln namesake town's Bicentennial
Commission motto is "Lincoln, Illinois-- the first city to live the legacy."
A central theme of Abe's legacy is striving tirelessly for public service.
What better way for Lincoln and Logan County to celebrate the Lincoln legacy
of public service than a pageant that would demonstrate extensive civic
engagement and stimulate interest in the American political tradition?
Honoring Abe's legacy in this way would
exemplify the mission of the Illinois Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial
Commission, which "encourages every community and citizen to become
involved. Communities are encouraged to learn about their
Lincoln stories and explore ways to relate
their Lincoln heritage in public events
and commemorative activities" (double
emphasis mine). Also, this pageant would distinguish this part of Illinois
as one of the most dedicated places in the nation to celebrate the Abraham
Lincoln heritage in his birth year.
One of the most important justifications of the
proposed re-enactment of the 1858 Abraham Lincoln rally and speech is
its lasting educational value. The children who witness this event are
likely to remember it always, and this kind of memory can stimulate a
life-long interest in history and the Lincoln legacy. I know this to be true
because at the age of eleven I witnessed the 1953 centennial celebration of
Lincoln, Illinois. I have never forgotten that experience, and the memory of
it has helped motivate my interest in the life and times of Abraham Lincoln
and the history of his first namesake town and Logan County.
Besides value as a tool for promoting heritage tourism throughout Logan
County, DVD's of this re-enactment would provide an enduring resource to be
used in American history classes at every level from grade school through
college. The Lincoln-Douglas debates have been re-enacted and filmed, of
course, but as far as I know, there has never been a re-enactment of a
Lincoln political rally and speech captured on DVD.
value of the re-enactment as personal experience for the children who
participate in it or witness it and for those who see it on DVD in classrooms would surely be
enough justification alone for all interested groups to unite in providing
base-line funding. What better reason for the City Council of Lincoln, the
Logan County Board, and all other service-oriented entities to co-operate
with the local Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission of Lincoln in
demonstrating a unified commitment to the Lincoln legacy of public service
by funding this re-enactment (and make a little history of your own)?
And quite simply, this re-enactment would be a rompin', stompin' good time for
Publication of the rally re-enactment proposal at Lincoln Daily News.com (12-5-07):
the rally re-enactment proposal in
the Lincoln Courier (12-5-07). (This item
is courtesy of Eva Harris Hill, faithful classmate of Leigh Henson from
Jefferson School through high school, 1948--1960).
Lincoln Daily News.com: "Evidential Support and Encouragement to Pursue
Re-Enactment of Abraham Lincoln Rally-Speech in Lincoln":
The Writing of "Mr. Lincoln Rallies Logan
County, Illinois, in 1858"
"In making a speech, Mr. Lincoln was the plainest man I ever heard. He was
not a speaker but a talker. He talked to jurors and to political gatherings
plain, sensible, candid talk, almost as in conversation, no effort whatever
in oratory. But his talking had wonderful effects. Honesty, candor,
fairness, everything that was convincing, were in his manner and
John Hill, quoted by Ida M. Tarbell in The Life of Abraham Lincoln
"What thrilled the people who stood before Abraham Lincoln . . . was the
sight of a being who, in all his actions and habits, resembled themselves,
gentle as he was strong, fearless as he was honest, who towered above them
all in that psychic radiance that penetrates in some mysterious way every
fiber of the hearer's consciousness."
The Valley of Shadows (recalling Lincoln at the Alton debate)
In January of 2008, the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission of Lincoln,
Illinois, accepted the proposals to erect the historical marker and to
re-enact the rally-speech. I then continued to research the rally-speech in
order to write a full script for the re-enactment. This research and the
play are the subject of an article I am writing for submission to an
academic journal. My research reveals the circumstances of Abraham Lincoln's
namesake town rally and speech:
Two men were largely responsible for Abraham Lincoln speaking in Lincoln on
October 16, 1858: Samuel C. Parks and David Davis. Parks was an attorney in
Lincoln who sometimes worked with Abraham Lincoln on local cases. Davis and
Lincoln often traveled the Eighth Judicial Circuit together, as Davis was
the presiding judge. Parks, who had supported Lincoln in his 1854-55 Senate
bid, had written Lincoln on August 9, 1858, to invite him to speak in
Lincoln August 29th, two days after the second Lincoln-Douglas debate at
Freeport in the far northern part of the state. Parks had asked Lincoln to
have William Herndon, Lincoln's Springfield law partner, respond to this
invitation, but there is no record of such a reply. Thus, it is unclear why
Lincoln did not appear in his namesake town before Douglas did on September
4. Distance and speeches in other towns probably complicated arrangements.
Davis wrote Lincoln on September 25th, suggesting that Lincoln speak at
Lincoln on October 16, the day after the last Lincoln-Douglas debate in
Alton. As Davis's biographer Willard King writes, "Davis, suddenly anxious,
demanded that Lincoln come to Logan County where he himself was then holding
court. Douglas had been there twice, he said, and Lincoln not at all, and
the Democrats were making desperate efforts. . . . Davis wrote, 'You must
come. . . ; Parks fears this district may be a little doubtful.' Lincoln
came and Parks introduced him for a two-hour speech." Then, in 1860 it was
Davis who during the Republican National Convention in Chicago successfully
managed Lincoln's effort to gain their party's Presidential nomination.
April, 2008, I offered this play to the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial
Commission of Lincoln, Illinois, with the understanding that the Commission
is free to use the script as it wishes. The re-enactment script presents a
one-act play in three scenes. The first two scenes prepare for Mr. Lincoln's
speech, and I present the stage directions for those first two scenes here
along with the cast.
Access the complete script of the one-act play titled
"Mr. Lincoln Rallies Logan County, Illinois, in 1858" (PDF).
republican delegations in
period costume from the Logan County seat of Lincoln and various other Logan
county communities, especially Atlanta, Elkhart, and Mt. Pulaski
individual spectators in period
costume (men, women, and children) in wagons and carriages, on horseback,
and on foot. Spectators include
A few black men, women, and children.
thirty-two young ladies dressed in
white, riding in carriages
A brass band (includes a bass
drum that the drummer beats as cued in the script)
A greeting Committee consisting
of local dignitaries who appear at the train depot and on the speaker's
Robert B. Latham, age 40, one
of the founders of Lincoln, Illinois, and member of the town board in 1858.
Optional first speaker if Mr. Latham
has laryngitis is Mrs. Robert B.
Latham, age 22 (or, a
Present-Day Narrator may be the first speaker).
Samuel C. Parks, age 38
John d. gillett, age
39, a founding father of
Lincoln, Illinois. He is accompanied by his oldest daughter,
Emma Susan, age 13, who sits
next to her father on the platform during the speech. She could be one of
the 32 young ladies dressed in white.
William Walker, Republican
candidate for the Illinois state legislature and supporter of Abraham
E. Bowman, president of the
town board (1858--59)
Optional First Speakers: Robert
Latham, Mrs. Latham, or
Abraham Lincoln, age 49
A black male wagon driver
A school choir, Adult Choir, or soloist
Republican Spectator group of at least 3 (the more, the better;
for vocal effects in Scenes 2 and 3, and separate from the
Republican delegations from various towns)
A Democratic Spectator group of at
least 3 (the more, the better; for vocal effects in Scenes 2 and 3)
A vocal Democratic spectator
A vocal republican spectator
A vocal whig spectator
The Democratic spectator, the republican spectator, and the whig spectator
play extremely important roles in this re-enactment, so the actors
who portray them should have microphones to ensure they can be heard by the
Scene 1: Parading and Mr. Lincoln's Arrival
re-enactment takes place in the present-day Lincoln and Logan County
Courthouse Historic Square District. Prior to
Mr. Lincoln's arrival, parading
occurs around the courthouse square and other streets near the train depot.
Parade participants in period costumes include
Various individual spectators
on horseback, in wagons and carriages, and on foot;
thirty-two young ladies dressed in
white, riding in carriages;
Republican delegations from
the town of Lincoln and other Logan County communities;
separate Republican Spectator group for vocal effects in Scenes 2 and
Democratic spectator group
for vocal effects in Scenes 2 and 3.
The brass band, including a
bass drum, entertains with such period tunes as "Yankee Doodle, "Hail
Columbia, Happy Land," and "Columbia, Gem of the Ocean." Members of the
delegations and other political groups carry banners with various slogans:
"Lincoln and Clay--one in principle: firm friends and true Republicans,"
Lincoln and Trumbull--the champions of Freedom," "Hon. Abram Lincoln--the
Pride of Illinois," "Hon. Abram Lincoln--the choice of the Germans."
Thirty-two young ladies dressed in white, representing the 32 states in
1858, ride in horse-drawn carriages. Other citizens in period costume march
or ride on horseback or in wagons and carriages.
The present-day Amtrak depot in Lincoln, Illinois, is just east of the
railroad tracks, "kitty corner" from the actual train depot where Mr.
Lincoln would have arrived in 1858. The original depot was located near the
intersection of Broadway and Sangamon Streets, just west of the railroad
tracks. The original depot is also where Mr. Lincoln's train paused when he
traveled to Chicago on November 21, 1860, to meet his Vice President-elect,
Hannibal Hamlin, for the first time. During this brief pause, Mr. Lincoln
spoke only a short paragraph in which he explained why he would not make a
substantive speech at that time. On May 3, 1865, the funeral train of
President Lincoln briefly stopped near the depot on its way to Springfield.
Train Depot in Front of the Spitly House Hotel, Undated photo from Paul Beaver, History of Logan County 1982,
Broadway and Sangamon Streets in
Early 20th-Century Spanish-Design Train DepotPhoto courtesy of Leigh Henson
at the Corner of Broadway and
Chicago Streets in
As the time for Mr. Lincoln's
arrival approaches, many of the parade participants converge at the
present-day Lincoln Amtrak depot, located at the intersection of Broadway
and Chicago Streets. Mr. Lincoln
might arrive by train from Springfield, or he could emerge from the depot at
the appointed time. Mr. Lincoln arrived at 12:00 noon (Pantagraph,
October 18; Illinois State Journal, October 18). The train he was on
consisted of 13 cars (Pantagraph). The cars were completely filled,
with people of the tops of cars (Illinois State Journal). Mr. Lincoln
"was greeted with hearty cheers from the assembled multitude" (Illinois
State Journal). He was also greeted with a cannon blast (Tribune)
and welcomed by a greeting committee
of local dignitaries, including
Samuel C. Parks, his local law associate who later introduces him.
The brass band leads the
procession east on Broadway Street to the courthouse as
Mr. Lincoln and the
Greeting committee follow.
Mr. Lincoln rides in a
horse-drawn wagon so the crowd has a better view of him than if he were on
foot. The wagon is driven by a black
male. (At times during the Lincoln-Douglas debates, Lincoln did ride
in a wagon in the parades that preceded the speeches.)
Scene 2: Welcome and S.C. Parks's Introduction of Mr. Lincoln
Scenes 2 and
3, in which Mr. Lincoln is introduced and delivers his speech, take place
on the west side of the 1905, present-day Logan County Courthouse, facing
Kickapoo Street. That site was the front area of the 1858 Logan County
Courthouse, where Abraham Lincoln delivered his speech on October 16, 1858.
County Courthouse, Entrance Facing WestFrom Paul
A Pictorial History,
Below, in the photo of the west side of the Logan County Courthouse, the smaller, top box indicates the area of the low stage
and podium, and the other box indicates an area in front of the stage that
needs to be kept open for the
Republican and Democratic
spectators to step into as they speak so the crowd can see and hear
County Courthouse, Facing West with
Kickapoo Street in ForegroundPhoto courtesy of
platform with speaker's stand is constructed in front of the steps on the
west side of the Logan County Courthouse. This platform has plenty of room
for the members of the Greeting
Committee to be seated on either side of the podium in full view of
the audience. Plenty of room has been roped off in front of the platform so
that the Democratic Spectator,
Whig Spectator, and
Republican Spectator can step
forth from the front of the crowd to make their comments or ask their
questions of the speakers. Room has also been made on one side or the other
of the platform near the area of the crowd for the
brass band occupies the
corresponding other side of the platform. Room front and center of the
spectator area has been reserved for the
democratic groups, whose
applause-cheering, hissing-booing throughout the play are important to the
effectiveness of its drama and entertainment.
Mrs.) Latham (or
present-day narrator) welcomes the audience, identifies the guest speaker, and
introduces a school choir (or soloist), which (who) sings "The Star-Spangled
Banner." During the 19th
century, “The Star-Spangled Banner” became one of the nation’s best-loved
patriotic songs (Encyclopedia Smithsonian Web page: "Star-Spangled
Banner and the War of 1812").
the members of
the Greeting committee have
been introduced and a summary given of Mr. Lincoln's
role in the founding of his first namesake town, the first speaker calls on
Samuel c. Parks to introduce
Mr. Lincoln. Parks's introduction explains why
Mr. Lincoln resumed his
political career in 1854 and provides key background that both the
historical and contemporary audiences would need to understand
Mr. Lincoln's speech. The
Democratic Spectator is used to
add drama and humor during this introduction.
Scene 3: Mr. Lincoln's Speech
In this scene,
Mr. Lincoln praises his
namesake town for its early growth and development, saying that the town is
amounting to something. Mr. Lincoln
hopes he, too, will amount to something by
running against Stephen A. Douglas and opposing Douglas's popular
sovereignty approach to ending the problem of what to do about slavery in
the new territories.
This scene alternates between serious and humorous
material, including Abe's
responses to questions and comments from the
Whig Spectator, and
Republican Spectator. The
serious material presents Lincoln's main arguments against slavery and
Douglas, and Abe closes with a
strong appeal to his audience to help him in "this necessary and noble
cause." The audience responds with wild enthusiasm.
Note: In 1858, the Republicans won in Logan County "by 141, but
lost the representative district in losing Macon County by 216 votes. . ."
(King, Lincoln's Manager, p. 342).
Access the complete script of the one-act play titled
"Mr. Lincoln Rallies Logan County, Illinois, in 1858" (PDF).
Note: When I began to
research Mr. Lincoln's namesake town rally and speech, the only primary
source cited for this event in The Lincoln Log (official account of Mr. Lincoln's known daily
activities) was the Springfield Illinois State Journal. Thus, after I
discovered the reporting of this speech in the Pantagraph and
Tribune, I notified The Lincoln Log to suggest adding citations to these
papers' accounts. Below is the reply I received:
From: Daniel W. Stowell [mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org]
Sent: Mon 1/7/2008 11:14 AM
To: Henson, D Leigh
Subject: RE: Lincoln Namesake Town Rally-Speech of 10-16-1858
Dear Professor Henson:
Thank you for
your helpful e-mail regarding Lincoln's 1858 speech in Lincoln. I have
forwarded the materials to Marilyn Mueller, who is handling the updates to
The Lincoln Log. I have suggested that she cite both the Bloomington
Pantagraph and the Chicago Press & Tribune reports in the bibliography for
that entry. She may contact you for page and column
number information. The updates will probably not appear for a while, but
they will be there eventually.
Thank you again for your
assistance in improving The Lincoln Log.
Daniel W. Stowell
Dr. Daniel W. Stowell
Director / Editor
The Papers of Abraham Lincoln
#1 Old State Capitol Plaza
Springfield, IL 62701-1512
fax: (217) 524-6973
Lincoln, Illinois, has a proud tradition of celebrating its Abraham Lincoln
heritage. The first two photos below were taken during the city of Lincoln's
Celebration of 2003. The cannon was located behind the Postville Courthouse
replica and suggests that one can perhaps be fired in town without breaking
Professor Ron Keller and
Mayor Beth Davis-Kavelman at
the Sesquicentennial Celebration of Lincoln, Illinois, in 2003
Ruth Freesmeier from Lincoln wrote to
request placing the following lyrics on this page, and I am happy to comply.
She writes, "Here are the lyrics to the song the students of the Carroll
Catholic graduating class of 2004 wrote for the Lincoln Sesquicentennial,
A Lincoln Sesquicentennial
Back in 1853 when Old Abe
named our town,
He poured that watermelon juice right on the ground.
He looked at his friends and neighbors, then exclaimed with glee,
"What a great place this will be to raise a family!"
Our fam'ly tree has many
great faces. It has grown so much,
all descendants of good folk like Gillett, Hickox 'n such.
Mr. Latham, Mr. Scully gave us parks to eat our lunch,
to sing and dance and play our games- things we like a bunch.
Lots of schools have
sprouted up for sports and learning, too.
We've followed in your footsteps, Abe; we want to be like you!
"Honest, Abe" we read our books and study history.
We play a little baseball, too. We all want to succeed.
Our downtown and our
railroad station still are here today.
Some of the stores and business places are still the same old way.
Our courthouse stands and beams with pride, it is the county seat--
judges, lawyers, common folk- it's just the place to meet.
We're in a new
millennium. Our lives have changed a lot.
With all our precious memories we can connect the dots.
Though we've said goodbye to gents and wartime veterans,
we're here to say hello to new ones and welcome all our friends.
O Lincoln, O Lincoln, look
at us today.
A 150 years we've come. Oh, celebrate!
Note: Our song is
copyrighted.You have my permission to print it on the website. Many thanks
for your time and contribution to the history of Lincoln.
Ruth A. Freesmeier
Music Instructor - Carroll Catholic School
From the Illinois State
Historical Society's magazine, Illinois Heritage
(back cover, January-February, 2008, issue)
I cannot help but wonder if some time in the future when Mr. Lincoln's 1858
rally and speech gain their long-overdue central position in the history of
Lincoln and Logan County whether there might be a striking building wall
mural in Lincoln, Illinois, to commemorate and publicize the event. A
location would be the wall of the two-story building at the corner of
Broadway and Chicago Streets (the former location of the Thudiums' Lincoln
Office Supply Company and before that, the "L" Tavern) just across from the christening monument--near the
site of the train depot where Mr. Lincoln arrived from Springfield at noon
on October 16, 1858, to have his greatest political experience in his first
namesake town and perhaps in all of Logan County. Another two-story wall
with good visibility is that of the present-day
Blue Dog Inn on
Sangamon Street, located just across from the site of the original train
Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission [state commission] "serves to
promote a deeper knowledge, understanding and engagement in the life and
times of Abraham Lincoln, through conferences, publications, preservation of
Lincoln sites, and local, state-wide and national observances commemorating
Abraham Lincoln’s birthday on February 12, 2009."
The Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission (ALBC) [national commission]
"commemorates the 200th birthday of Abraham Lincoln, emphasizing the
contribution of his thoughts, ideals to America and the world, and serving
as a catalyst for strengthening freedom, democracy and equal opportunity for
Lincoln Bicentennial Celebration
What's new in the annals of Lincolnology by James Cornelius
Abraham Lincoln Online.org: best on the Web for news and announcements
Abraham Lincoln Research Site: comprehensive and rich in links to other
The Lincoln Compulsion by Lev Grossman, Time.
Separating the Mythology from the Raw Politics of a Senate Campaign by
William Grimes of The New York Times. This concise essay is partly a
review of the latest and best book on the Lincoln-Douglas Debates (Lincoln
and Douglas by Professor Allen C. Guelzo) but mostly an incisive
analysis of the nature and significance of those debates. Grimes's essay is
one of the most precise explanations of these debates I have ever seen.
Professor Guelzo's book covers not only the debates but the numerous
stump speeches of the candidates throughout central Illinois--the most
contested region of the state-- before, during, and after the debates. Thus,
Guelzo's book mentions Douglas's and Lincoln's appearances in Lincoln,
Illinois. This book appeals to both general
readers and specialists.
Guelzo has won the prestigious
Lincoln Prize twice for two previous books that are highly readable and
insightful for both general readers and specialists: Abraham Lincoln: Redeemer President (1999) and
Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in America
(2004). The Lincoln Prize is worth $50,000.
"Lincoln, Lincoln, we are
proud of you.
Lincoln, Lincoln, we will e'er be true.
Following the bright Golden Rule,
We get things done without much ado.
We're happy, snappy, when we send our call.
Lend your shoulders one and all.
If dear old Abe should return,
I know what he would do -
He'd say, "Lincoln, we're proud of you."
--Lyrics of Lincoln Community High School song
Darold Leigh Henson, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus of English
Missouri State University
Member, Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission of Lincoln, Illinois
Member, Illinois Association of Teachers of English, Inc.
Member, Illinois State Historical Society
Senior member, Society for Technical Communication
Sources Used in the
Writing of "Mr. Lincoln Rallies Logan Co., Illinois, in 1858"
Answers.com. "Columbia, Gem of the Ocean."
Basler, Roy P., ed., The Collected Works of
Abraham Lincoln, Newark: NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1953.
Published online by The Abraham Lincoln Association:
Beaver, Paul. History of Logan County 1982.
Dallas, TX: The Taylor Publishing Co. and The Logan County Heritage
Borit, Gabor S., ed. The Historian's Lincoln:
Pseudohistory, Psychohistory, and History. Urbana, IL: The
University of Illinois Press, 1988.
Debbie Ross singing "The Star-Spangled Banner":
Dooley, Raymond, and Ethel Welch, eds. The
Namesake Town: A Centennial History of Lincoln, Illinois. Lincoln,
IL: Feldman Print Shop, 1953."
Douglas Following off a Circus--Novel Acrobatic
Performance." Bloomington Daily Pantagraph, September 8, 1858,
pp. 1 and 2. Link to full text at
Encyclopedia Smithsonian Web page titled
"Star-Spangled Banner and the War of 1812":
Fehrenbacker, Donald E. Prelude to Greatness:
Lincoln in the 1850s. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1962.
Fischer, Le Roy H., ed. "Samuel C. Parks's
Reminiscences of Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln Herald, 1966, 68.1:
Gleason, Paul. Lincoln: A Pictorial History.
St. Louis, MO: G. Bradley Publishing, Inc., 1998.
"Great Meeting at Lincoln." Illinois State
Journal, October 18, 1858, p. 1. Link to full text available at
Grierson, Francis. The Valley of Shadows. NY:
The History Book Club, Inc., 1948.
Gross, Anthony, ed. Lincoln's Own Stories.
Whitefish, MT: Kessinger Publishing, 1912.
Guelzo, Allen C. Lincoln and Douglas: The Debates
That Defined America. Simon & Schuster, 2008.
Herndon, William H., and Jesse W. Weik. Herndon's
Lincoln. Douglas L. Wilson and Rodney O. Davis, eds. Urbana, IL: The
University of Illinois Press and Knox College of Galesburg, IL, 2006.
Hickey, James T. The Collected Writings of James
T. Hickey. Springfield, IL: The Illinois State Historical Society,
History of Logan County, Illinois, 1886.
Chicago: INTER-STATE PUBLISHING CO, 1886. Reprinted by HIGGINSON BOOK
COMPANY, Salem, MA, n.d.
Holzer, Harold, ed. The Lincoln-Douglas Debates:
The First Complete, Unexpurgated Text. NY: Fordham University Press,
_______. Lincoln at Cooper Union: The Speech That
Made Abraham Lincoln President. NY: Simon & Schuster, 2005.
King, Willard L. Lincoln's Manager: David Davis.
Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1960.
Kunhardt, Philip B., Jr., et al. Lincoln:
An Illustrated Biography. NY: Grammercy Books, 1992.
Lincoln, Abraham. "A House Divided: Speech at Springfield,
IL, June 16, 1858." In The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln,
vol. 2, edited by Roy P. Basler, 461--469. Springfield, IL: The Abraham
Lincoln Association, 1953.
_______ . "Speech at Edwardsville, IL, September 11, 1858." In The
Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, vol. 3, edited by Roy P. Basler,
91--96. Springfield, IL: The Abraham Lincoln Association, 1953.
_______ . "Speech at Havana, IL, August 14, 1858."
In The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, vol. 2, edited by Roy
P. Basler, 541--543. Springfield, IL: The Abraham Lincoln Association,
_______. "Speech at Peoria, IL, October 16, 1854."
In The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, vol. 2, edited by Roy
P. Basler, 247--479. Springfield, IL: The Abraham Lincoln Association,
_______. "Speech at Tremont, IL, August 30, 1858." In
The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, vol. 3, edited by Roy P.
Basler, 77. Springfield, IL: The Abraham Lincoln Association, 1953.
"Lincoln at Lincoln." Bloomington Daily
Pantagraph, October 16, 1858, p. 1. Link to full text available at http://www.geocities.com/findinglincolnillinois/alincoln-lincolnil.html#ignoredabespeech.
Logan, Mrs. John A. The Part Taken by Women in
American History. Wilmington, DE: The Perry-Nalle Publishing Co.,
1912. This book includes biographical sketches of the 7 daughters of
John D. Gillett and Louisa Lemira Parke Gillett, including descriptions
of their lifestyles, educations, and accomplishments.
Map of the Underground Railroad in Central Illinois:
"Mass Meeting at Lincoln." Bloomington Daily
Pantagraph, October 18, 1858, p. 1. Link to full text available at
"Mr. Lincoln in Logan County." Chicago Press &
Tribune, October 21, 1858, p. 1. Link to full text available at
Nebraska and Midwest Genealogical Record.
As a site with a genealogical emphasis, this source has information
about the dates of birth, marriage, and death of various members of the
John Dean Gillett family not seen in the standard histories of Lincoln
and Logan County, Illinois. For information about the present-day
Gillett estate at Elkhart, IL, the Old Gillett Farm, access
Sherwood, Robert E. Abe Lincoln in Illinois.
NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1937.
"Slaves Recall Pre-Civil War." Lincoln Evening
Courier and Lincoln Herald. Wednesday, October 18, 1939, pp. 1 + 8.
Link to full text:
Smith, Laura. Antebellum America, 1784--1865.
Stringer, Lawrence B. History of Logan County
Illinois, 1911. Chicago: Pioneer Publishing Company. Reprinted by
UNIGRAPHIC, INC., Evansville, IN, 1978, made possible by sponsorship of
the Lincoln Public Library, Lincoln, IL.
Tarbell, Ida M. The Life of Abraham Lincoln,
Volume 1. NY: Doubleday Page & Co., 1909.
The Lincoln Log: A Daily Chronology of the Life
of Abraham Lincoln. (http://www.thelincolnlog.org/view).
Volk, Leonard. "The Lincoln Life Mask and How It Was
Made," Century Magazine, Vol. 23,1881: 223--228. Lincoln Online's
Web page about Volk's masks:
Volkman, Carl. "The Standing Lincoln."
Illinois Heritage, November-December, 2006, p. 9.
Wednesday, October 20, 1858, Rushville, IL. The
Whipple, Wayne, ed. The Story-Life of Lincoln: A
Biography Composed of Five Hundred True Stories Told by Abraham Lincoln
and His Friends. Philadelphia, PA: The John C. Winston Company,
White, Ronald C., Jr. The Eloquent President: A
Portrait of Lincoln Through His Words. NY: Random House, 2005.
Professor White's Web site:
(relating to 19th-Century American patriotic
"Columbia, Gem of the Ocean" at The Library of Congress:
"Columbia, Gem of the Ocean" at The National Institutes of Health:
"Hail Columbia." Audio and lyrics at The National Institutes of Health:
"Hail Columbia" at The Library of Congress:
"The Star-Spangled Banner" at The Library of
Email comments, corrections, questions, or suggestions.
Also please email me if this Web site helps you decide to visit Lincoln,
"The Past Is But the